Thomas Hawk/Flickr Dog cognition and social behavior have hogged the scientific limelight for years—showing in study after study that canines have social skills essential to their relationships with people. Cats, not so much. These often-fractious felines tend to balk at strange situations—be they laboratories, MRI machines, or even a slightly noisy fan. Online News Editor David Grimm joins host Sarah Crespi to discuss several brave research labs that have started to work with cats on their terms in order to show they have social smarts comparable to dogs. So far, the results suggest that despite their different ancestors and paths to domestication, cats and dogs have a lot more in common then we previously thought.Also this week, host Meagan Cantwell speaks with Greg Erhardt, assistant professor of civil engineering at University of Kentucky in Lexington about the effect of ride-sharing services such as Uber and Lyft on traffic in San Francisco, California. His group’s work showed that when comparing 2010 and 2016 traffic, these services contributed significantly to increases in congestion in a large growing city like San Francisco, but questions still remain about how much can be generalized to other cities or lower density areas.This week’s episode was edited by Podigy.Download the transcript (PDF) Ads on this show: KiwiCoListen to previous podcasts.About the Science Podcast[Image: Thomas Hawk/Flickr; Music: Jeffrey Cook]
Related News C L Saini, Chairman of the Bar Council of Rajasthan, said it is “better late than never”. “The graph of humanity will rise and will lead to better terms between the Judges and advocates,” he said, adding that BCI rules already say that it is not mandatory to address judges with the said titles.Ranjeet Joshi, president of the Rajasthan High Court Advocates’ Association, Jodhpur, said, “It is a nice initiative since these words, introduced by the British, were a sign of slavery. ‘Sir’, ‘Shrimaan’ and ‘Your Honour’ are better alternatives to ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’. The lawyers have welcomed the move and since it has been decided by the Full Court, its impact will be felt in other states too.” The decision was taken unanimously in a meeting of the Full Court on Sunday. The high Court notice issued on Monday said: “To honour the mandate of equality enshrined in the Constitution of India, the Full Court in its meeting dated 14.07.2019 has unanimously resolved to request the counsels and those who appear before the court to desist from addressing the Hon’ble Judges as ‘My Lord’ and ‘Your Lordship’.”Explained | Why Rajasthan High Court judges don’t want to be called ‘My Lord’In 2014, a bench of Supreme Court Justices H L Dattu and S A Bobde had said it was the choice of the lawyers how to address them but the court was clear that it only wanted a respectful address to the chair, “All that judges need is a respectful and dignified way of addressing them. You don’t need to call us ‘my lord’ or ‘lordship’ always; calling us ‘sir’ is good enough for us”. The apex court observation was in regard to a PIL by advocate Shiv Sagar Tiwari, who had said it was a symbol of slavery and against the dignity of the country. The judges, however, did not issue an order reasoning that “can we say don’t address as ‘my lord’ or ‘your lordship’ or we would haul you up for contempt? No, we can’t be passing such orders”. Take 5: ‘I can’t read, have no trouble driving. I use voice search, know all road signs’ Rajasthan HC directs state govt to withdraw licences of illiterate drivers As per the notice, the decision was taken “to honour the mandate of equality enshrined in the Constitution of India.” (Representational)Underscoring the “mandate of equality enshrined in the Constitution”, the Rajasthan High Court on Monday asked all lawyers appearing before it to “desist” from addressing judges as ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’. 20 Comment(s) Rajasthan HC stays order directing govt to cancel driving licences of illiterate persons Advertising By Express News Service |Jaipur | Updated: July 16, 2019 3:29:48 am Advertising
Jim McGregor has been an ECT News Network columnist since 2017. He is the founder and principal analyst at Tirias Research with more than 30 years of high-tech industry experience. His expertise spans a broad range of product development and corporate strategy functions, such as semiconductor manufacturing, systems engineering, product marketing, marketing communications, brand management, strategic planning, mergers and acquisitions, and sales. McGregor worked for Intel, Motorola, ON Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics and General Dynamics Space Systems prior to becoming an industry analyst and In-Stat’s chief technology strategist. Email Jim. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ECT News Network. The more automated a vehicle becomes, the more electronics it requires, which raises the total available market, or TAM, for automotive electronics. However, it is likely to take several decades before the majority of cars sold are autonomous, and that will require significant cost reductions for the electronics.The immediate opportunities lie in mass transit, on-demand transportation, as well as trucking, shipping, and other forms of industrial transportation.Even though the developments in these areas are not as highly publicized, there are many companies driving innovation. Autonomous shipping technology has become a focus for a range if companies — from the underlying technology companies like NXP, to industrial manufacturers like Rolls Royce, and the shipping companies themselves.Autonomous trucking has been attracting automotive heavyweights like Daimler and Volvo, along with startups like Tesla and Embark.Even the ride-sharing company Uber is considering autonomous delivery vehicles.As with other new emerging technologies, like augmented reality, autonomous technology makes sense for industrial applications. There can be an immediate return on investment for the adopter, even while the technology is establishing a foothold in an evolving market.As with any new tech, it will take two to three generations for the ecosystem to mature. The ecosystem includes the technology, platforms, applications, usage models, and even business models that must evolve.Industrial applications offer a new technology to customers that are willing to work through the development process and are willing to pay a premium for the technology because they can expect a return in cost savings or productivity gains.In the case of industrial transportation, the higher equipment cost should be offset by gains in equipment efficiency and utilization rates, as well as lower accident and insurance rates, among other benefits. Value Chain Disruption Autonomous transportation systems also eliminate the most common factor in accidents — human error. That’s not to say that autonomous solutions will be perfect. Any intelligence platform, whether human or artificial, will have to learn new circumstances — but the potential for failure is far lower with artificial intelligence.I stress this because even though a few people have been killed in recent months due to autonomous cars, the National Safety Council estimates that vehicular deaths in the U.S. have exceeded 40,000 annually over the past two years.Additionally, the business models for the automotive industry likely will change drastically as the industry moves toward autonomous vehicles. In fact, the industry already has been changing, with ride-sharing and car-sharing services like Uber and ZipCar, and the direct-to-consumer sales model of Tesla.In addition, the vehicles have been getting more technically complicated through advanced driver-assistance systems, or ADAS, and electrification — so much so that many traditional auto mechanics will not be able to work on hybrid, electric and autonomous vehicles.These changes likely will alter the entire value chain of the automotive industry. Toyota, for example, has been testing a car-sharing service called “Hai” in Hawaii. If you have an automotive OEM offering electric vehicles directly to consumers in a car-sharing model, you may eliminate the need for third-party dealers, gas stations and local mechanic shops, while the OEM’s primary revenue shifts to services, not the sales of vehicles.Autonomous technology also is likely to lead to other advances in transportation. We have dreamed about flying cars since the 1950s, but just to fly a small plane requires specialized knowledge and training. Adding autonomous control eliminates a key requirement for flying applications.In addition, autonomous flight already is well on the way to being perfected through drone technology. As a result, we finally may be on the cusp of a flying car era — but the cars likely will be more similar to unmanned drones than to passenger vehicles.AeroMobil, Airbus, Auston Martin, EHang, eVolo, Kittyhawk, Rolls-Royce, Terrafugia, and Uber are just a few of the companies reportedly working on flying vehicles of one sort or another.While the thought of owning an autonomous car remains intriguing, the real opportunity for the next decade lies in the industrial applications. Looking beyond the next decade, the way society views and leverages transportation likely will change over the next century to a point where the personal car may no longer be the image of freedom, success or independence that it is today. It may simply be a form of transportation. The autonomous car has thrown the automotive industry — an industry that is notoriously slow to change — into the forefront of technology. The autonomous car has become a technology catalyst because it requires innovation in many areas, ranging from processor and sensor technology to artificial intelligence.As with all new technologies, the industry rushes to focus on consumers because they represent the billion-dollar pot of gold, but as with many other new technologies, it is the industrial applications that are likely to take hold first.The auto industry has focused on the concept of the autonomous car, but when you broaden the category to include all forms of transportation and autonomous control, the opportunity is much larger than just automating the average car.In fact, most forecasts for car and light vehicle demand predict sales growth of only a few percentage points as the industry struggles to reach the 100-million-unit-per-year mark over the next few years. That’s not to say that nearly a 100 million units annually and the transition to autonomous cars don’t offer a big opportunity, because they do. Opportunities Abound
Source:http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_18_12_06_en.html?infocentre&item=Infocentre&artid=49819 Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 6 2018Although a relatively common infection, some bacteria that causes pneumonia can be particularly deadly. As a case in point, take Klebsiella pneumoniae, which has been included on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) list of infections that desperately need new treatments.What makes K.pneumoniae so problematic is the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant Klebsiella strains. Perhaps even more alarming is the number of strains with access to a pool of genes that can make Klebsiella hypervirulent – essentially a superbug capable of causing untreatable infections by breaking down a host’s protective mechanisms. With virtually no treatment available, Klebsiella has been singled out as an ‘urgent threat to human health.’Addressing this threat is the EU-funded U-KARE project. “The goal of this project was to better understand the immune evasion strategies of K. pneumoniae and, from this understanding, develop new therapeutic strategies based on boosting our defenses and clearing the infection,” explains U-KARE researcher Jose Bengoechea.Landmark discoveriesDuring the course of the U-KARE project, Bengoechea and his team of researchers made several important breakthroughs. For instance, they discovered that Klebsiella can survive inside macrophages, which are the cells that play an essential part in our immune system’s ability to fight K. pneumoniae. “As the antibiotics we currently use are inefficient at targeting bacteria that live inside our cells, this finding has important clinical implications on how we treat Klebsiella infections,” explains Bengoechea.Researchers also discovered just how sophisticated Klebsiella’s immune evasion strategy is. Essentially, the pathogen can manipulate the functioning of our cells, rendering the proteins we use to fight infections useless. “What we see is a close relationship between Klebsiella’s antibiotic resistance and its virulence, or ability to infect a resistant host,” says Bengoechea. “These findings emphasize the importance of evaluating both antibiotic resistance and virulence in order to better monitor a patient’s outcome.”Related StoriesScientists develop universal FACS-based approach to heterogenous cell sorting, propelling organoid researchAXT enhances cellular research product portfolio with solutions from StemBioSysComplement system shown to remove dead cells in retinitis pigmentosa, contradicting previous researchLast but not least, in a landmark discovery, researchers uncovered the crucial role that interferons play in defending against Klebsiella infections. Interferons are a group of signaling proteins made and released by a virus-infected cell that causes nearby cells to heighten their anti-viral defenses. “Interferons activate macrophages and natural killer cells to control Klebsiella pneumonia,” explains Bengoechea. “What this finding means is that interferons could be considered for new therapeutics developments.”A host-directed therapeutic approachBased on this research, Bengoechea was able to establish a pre-clinical research programme in his laboratory. Here he and his team are developing new therapeutics based on boosting our own defenses against Klebsiella infections. “I believe this host-directed therapeutic approach will limit the pathogen’s ability to develop resistance against new treatments,” adds Bengoechea. “We already obtained very promising results in animal models in which, without the need for antibiotics, we were able to reduce the infection by more than 80 %.”U-KARE’s research is ongoing, with the next major milestone being the launch of clinical trials in humans. “Although we are still at the very early stages, these potential new treatments will have a major health impact, especially considering the increasing number of Klebsiella infections worldwide and the limited treatment options available,” concludes Bengoechea.
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 25 2019Despite a time limit imposed in many countries on the freeze-storage of sperm, a new study from China has found that the long-term cryopreservation of semen in a sperm bank does not affect future clinical outcomes. Results of the study are presented today in Vienna at the 35th Annual Meeting of ESHRE by Dr Chuan Huang of the Changsa-Hunan Sperm Bank in China.The findings are based on a retrospective analysis of 119,558 semen samples from sperm donors at the Hunan Sperm Bank. For the purpose of the analysis, the samples were arranged in three groups: those kept in cryostorage for between six months and five years; those stored for between six and ten years; and those stored for between 11 and 15 years.The study first found that the frozen sperm’s survival rate after thawing did decline over the 15 year study period – from 85% to 74% survival. However, this decline made little difference to the pregnancy and live birth rate in women using these samples for donor insemination, with cumulative live birth rates of 82.17%, 80.21% and 80.00% in the three storage groups respectively. Success rates were similarly comparable when the frozen sperm samples were used in IVF, with live birth rates of 81.63%, 79.11% and 73.91% in the three groups.The authors stress that these very high success rates were achieved with screened donor sperm, which is not necessarily representative in quality of sperm from the general population. ‘Donors at our sperm bank must be in good health according to physical examination and psychological evaluation, said Dr Huang, ‘and have no familial history of a genetic disease, so I think these live birth rates are appropriate.’ However, she added, the implications of the study remain, ‘that the long-term storage of sperm does not appear to affect live birth rates’.Related StoriesHuman sperm retains its complete viability within different gravitational conditionsHealthy mice pups can be produced from sperm without short RNA chainsRecurrent pregnancy loss may be caused by sperm DNA damage, finds studyThere have been at least two reports in the medical literature on successful pregnancies using human semen stored for longer than 20 years, the first from the UK after 21 years storage, and the second from the USA after 40 years storage.However, many regulatory authorities set a time limit on sperm (and egg) storage of ten years, with longer exceptions for medical reasons (such as for fertility preservation ahead of cancer treatment). But the literature offers no clear explanation for any these time limits. Some andrologists suggest that at the time the limits were set there was a fear that the sperm cells might be at risk of DNA damage, but there has been no evidence of that.Dr Huang reports that the regulations governing China’s 26 sperm banks set no limit on the duration of semen storage, although the screening of sperm donors and semen is conducted strictly according to guidelines of the Chinese Ministry of Health – for sperm quality (concentration, motility) and infection. All samples must be cryopreserved for a minimum 6-month quarantine prior to rescreening for HIV.Nevertheless, because this study found a small but statistically significant decline in sperm survival rate over the 15-year study period Dr Huang and colleagues do recommend that ‘sperm banks should provide sperm in their order of cryopreservation’. Many studies have shown that some sperm cells do not survive the freezing and thawing process. Source:European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. New US aviation safety inspections after Southwest mishap Citation: FAA orders emergency jet engine inspections after US plane failure (2018, April 21) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-maker-urges-rapid-southwest-failure.html Explore further The Federal Aviation Administration on Friday ordered emergency inspections of jet engines like the one that ruptured during a recent Southwest Airlines flight, leaving one passenger dead. © 2018 AFP National Transportation Safety Board investigators examine damage to a Southwest Airlines plane that suffered catastrophic engine failure on April 17, 2018, killing a mother of two and forcing an emergency landing “Fan blade failure due to cracking, if not addressed, could result in an engine in-flight shutdown (IFSD), uncontained release of debris, damage to the engine, damage to the airplane and possible airplane decompression,” the regulatory authority said.In line with recommendations made earlier by engine maker CFM, the FAA ordered that all CFM56-7B engines that have performed 30,000 or more total accumulated flight cycles be inspected within 20 days. That affects about 352 engines in the United States, or 681 worldwide.Each inspection of the engines, which power Boeing 737 aircraft, takes about four hours, according to CFM International, a joint venture between America’s GE Aviation and France’s Safran Aircraft Engines.It says about 150 of the engines have already gone through the process.A cycle concerns a complete flight, from engine start to takeoff and landing to complete shutdown.Once the inspections are completed, CFM recommended to repeat the process every 3,000 cycles—about two years in airline service—but the FAA did not require such a measure.CFM also recommended that fan blades with more than 20,000 cycles be inspected by the end of August—affecting an additional 2,500 engines.Around 60 airlines use the CFM56-7B, according to the company, which said GE and Safran have mobilized about 500 technicians “to support customers and minimize operational disruptions” related to the inspections.The directive comes after the left engine of Southwest Airlines Flight 1380 suddenly blew apart during a Tuesday flight from New York to Dallas. The shrapnel shattered a window and depressurized the cabin, partially sucking a woman out of the plane.Fellow passengers pulled the passenger—identified as Jennifer Riordan, 43—back in, but she later died of her injuries. The plane made an emergency landing in Philadelphia.A first inspection of the Boeing 737’s damaged engine showed that an engine fan blade was missing, apparently broken due to metal fatigue, according to the National Transportation Safety Board.Southwest announced just hours after the incident that it would conduct additional inspections of its CFM56-7B engines.A similar accident on a separate Southwest flight in August 2016 had forced the plane, equipped with the same engine, to make an emergency landing. There were no victims.CFM and the FAA both called for inspections of the engines at the time, but the regulators did not publish a directive.
Apple now has more self-driving car permits in California than Waymo and Tesla More evidence of Apple’s auto research comes from California Department of Motor Vehicle officials, who report that Apple has received permits to test 66 vehicles—Lexus RX450h SUVs with self-driving sensors—with 121 employees approved as safety drivers.And while in 2016 staffing turmoil suggested Project Titan could be put on the backburner, reports this month noted that Apple had regained the services of onetime employee Doug Field, who has spent the past five years as Tesla’s senior vice president of engineering.So the question is: What exactly are these people working on? Analyst Kuo is convinced it is an Apple-branded vehicle, in part because technology increasingly defines a car and automakers come up short in that department.”Apple can do a better integration of hardware, software and services than current competitors in the consumer electronics sector and potential competitors in the auto sector,” Kuo wrote.But longtime Apple watcher Gene Munster of Loup Ventures says pump the brakes.Munster puts the odds of an Apple Car at 30 percent and a timeline at 10 years—he says 2028 is when 50 percent of the U.S. transportation market will be made up of autonomous ride-hailing vehicles, something Google-owned Waymo currently is pioneering in Phoenix.Instead, Munster is betting that Apple focuses on powering a new mobility experience, working with car companies to provide everything from self-driving car guidance systems to app-related experiences for passengers.”It’s more likely that Apple will be the brains behind autonomy and in-car services, working with existing manufacturers to either build cars for sale or to power an autonomous fleet,” he says. “If they do (build their own car), it would most likely be sold to consumers as the primary business model.”Lessons from TeslaAnd that raises a series of red flags, many of which Tesla has experienced. Building a car is not easy, with considerations that include lagging suppliers, union recruiting and finding a proper robot-to-human assembly line ratio.There’s also the hurdles that come with complex state-by-state dealership regulations, which can deny manufacturers the opportunity to sell their cars directly to consumers. Tesla sells its cars online and through its stores, where in some states cars are marked with “Not for sale” signs.That’s why Brauer is convinced Apple would choose not a sales but a subscription model for its cars.This increasingly popular way to get access to cars, bikes and now scooters on-demand—especially among millennials who have grown up with Uber—could be a $1 trillion business by 2030, according to Cox Automotive.Some traditional automakers already are experimenting with this approach, typified by the Porsche Passport program that grants access to 22 models for $3,000 a month.”A big stumbling block for any car company is retail, but if you have a subscription model all those (dealer) franchise laws go away,” Brauer says. “A generation has grown up paying a monthly fee for cellphones, internet, streaming movies. That primes the pump for Apple to jump in with an on-demand car service.”Or maybe it just makes it easy for Apple to provide an existing automaker’s fleet with the kind of Apple-branded service goodies that lure consumers, says Tim Bajarin, president of market research firm Creative Strategies. That would echo Waymo’s approach of placing its tech stack inside cars.”Do you create a piece of hardware, a car, that has limited numbers and is tied to your services, or do you create the next big service infrastructure that can be retrofitted to all cars?” Bajarin asks, adding that the answer can be gleaned from the original iPod.”When that device came out, only Apple computer users could enjoy it, but the minute it was opened up to Windows users, sales skyrocketed,” he says.Bajarin notes that beyond in-car connectivity and entertainment options—which mushroom once cars don’t need drivers—Apple could also leverage the work it is doing on augmented reality to perhaps create a “smart dashboard” that can interact with passengers.”The next big battleground for tech is about bringing your lucrative services and features inside a car, as opposed to creating your own car brand,” he says.Can Apple play nice with others?But taking that approach will require Apple to collaborate with one or more auto manufacturers and possibly other tech companies, a prospect that seems antithetical to a company that long has been known for going it alone.”Very few companies can do this on their own, which is why partnerships are key when you have a challenging technical problem” such as self-driving cars, says Jack Weast, chief systems architect for Intel’s autonomous driving division.Intel, which recently bought auto-vision company Mobileye, is focused on growing the numbers of cameras on cars to improving mapping tech for autonomous cars.Weast says three big hurdles remain before Apple and any other company considers the self-driving puzzle solved: flawless sensors, improved and updatable mapping tech and improved computer testing to guarantee safety. This last hurdle looms large after a self-driving Uber car killed a pedestrian in Arizona a few months ago.For the moment, Weast sees OEM cars laden with driver-assist features—such as sophisticated cruise control and lane-keeping tech—as offering the biggest growth opportunity for tech companies and automakers alike.But given its track record, Apple likely wouldn’t be interested in simply offering tech tweaks to existing cars. Its standard operating procedure is to enter an existing market late, but with a blockbuster product.After all, it was late to the MP3 game, but Steve Jobs tossed a grenade into the market with his iPod and its “1,000 songs in your pocket” pitch. Apple was late to the cellphone party, then blew it up in 2007 with the first iPhone. And so on.So perhaps that forthcoming fall Apple event that reveals a shiny (white? it was Jobs’ favorite iPhone color) car isn’t that far-fetched after all.”They have so much money that they can do anything they want: Come in now, come in later, it really doesn’t matter,” says Bruce Belzowski, managing director of research group Automotive Futures.”Shareholders will want them to do something that makes sense, but given the products they have created in the past it is very tempting to see what they’ll come up with on the automotive front, from the sensors to the experience to maybe the car itself,” he says. “Apple should be a part of this mobility shift, and what part of it is up to them.” Citation: Siri, get my iCar: Is Apple making a cool new ride or just dabbling with the techie parts? (2018, August 23) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-siri-icar-apple-cool-dabbling.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain Explore further ©2018 USA Today Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. In a few weeks, Apple will unveil its newest iPhone. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Stifle that yawn, people.If the Cupertino, California, magic factory truly wanted to once again dazzle audiences at its annual fall event, that category-redefining reveal would involve someone saying, “Siri, bring me my car.”Long rumored and finally acknowledged last year by CEO Tim Cook as “the mother of all AI (artificial intelligence) projects,” Apple’s iCar mission—dubbed Project Titan—was given a boost last week when analyst Ming-Chi Kuo predicted in an investor note that Apple would double its market cap to $2 trillion on the back of a “star product” car launch in just five years.Kuo specifically singled out Apple’s mastery of software and hardware integration and added that its burgeoning services business, now the No. 2 revenue generator for the company, fits in perfectly for a captive auto audience.With a coming mobility shift that experts say will be as radical as ditching horses for the Model T, it makes sense Apple would want to spend some of its $260 billion cash stash on owning a piece of this transportation-as-a-service pie.But an Apple automobile raises as many questions as possibilities.These range from whether the company would make its own vehicle as Tesla has done (memo to Cook: prepare to sleep on the factory floor) to whether it would partner with manufacturers to expedite progress (such as Google’s Waymo unit integrating its technology into Fiat Chrysler minivans).Whatever route Apple takes toward an automotive product, expect secrecy to remain a key ingredient. Apple declined to comment for this story.”That’s the cult of Apple; they won’t reveal much, then land with a sledgehammer product you couldn’t even imagine 10 minutes before it hit the stage,” says Karl Brauer, executive publisher at Cox Automotive. “It’s who they are.”Legions are at work on the carApple may not be saying much about Project Titan, but it’s more than evident that the company is committing significant resources to the endeavor.Just last month, a Chinese-born Apple engineer was stopped at San Jose’s airport by the FBI and charged with stealing self-driving car secrets from his employer. A complaint related to the case revealed that around 5,000 of Apple’s 130,000 employees were “disclosed on the project,” and half were core to the effort.
Citation: Billions at stake as Apple vs Qualcomm trial begins (2019, April 16) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-billions-stake-apple-qualcomm-trial.html How much are iPhone chips worth? That more or less is the question to be decided by a US court as Apple seeks billions in damages from former chip supplier Qualcomm. Since Apple originally filed suit in January 2017, the two US firms have been suing each other in multiple countries in a multi-front battle.At the heart of the battle are the royalties Qualcomm charges for its patented chips, which enable smartphones to connect to mobile networks.Apple accuses Qualcomm, which holds the most patents for chips, of taking advantage of its dominant position to charge exorbitant amounts for its chips or access to its patents.The iPhone maker refuses to pay up and is also seeking what could be billions of dollars in compensation.Qualcomm denies the allegations and accuses Apple of abusing its position and of taking legal action to negotiate prices down.After jury selection in the San Diego federal court, arguments are expected to begin Tuesday. Apple chief Tim Cook and Qualcomm’s CEO Steve Mollenkopf are both expected to appear during the trial, which is set to last around a month.The stakes are high for Qualcomm, which earns a significant chunk of its revenue from royalties paid by manufacturers for its patented technology. “In order to purchase Qualcomm chips or obtain access to patents pledged to a cellular standard, Qualcomm demands that third parties pay Qualcomm a royalty much greater than the value of Qualcomm’s contribution to the standard,” Apple argues.”What this means in the case of the iPhone is that when Apple engineers create a revolutionary new security feature such as touch ID, which enables breakthrough technologies like Apple Pay, Qualcomm insists on royalties for these and other innovations it had nothing to do with and royalty payments go up,” it said.”Even when Apple sells an iPhone with added memory—256GB instead of 128GB—Qualcomm collects a larger royalty just because of that added memory,” according to the company, which claims it has been overcharged by “billions of dollars.”Contradictory rulingsFollowing its initial US lawsuit, Apple filed two more suits in China on the same basis. Qualcomm counter-sued.Also in early 2017, the US Federal Trade Commission sued Qualcomm for alleged antitrust law violations in the sale of certain components and licenses to smartphone makers, including Apple.In April 2017, it was forced to pay $815 million to Canada’s Blackberry in a royalties dispute.And since 2015, through both convictions and settlements, it has paid high antitrust fines in China, South Korea, Taiwan and the European Union.The Apple-Qualcomm spat has also led to reciprocal patents complaints. While Apple claims some of Qualcomm’s patents aren’t valid, Qualcomm accuses Apple of violating them—and has sought to ban iPhone sales or imports in several countries, including the US.This has led to contradictory legal rulings. In March, a US court ruled in Apple’s favor, a few hours after a judge of the same court ordered a partial ban of iPhone imports.That decision is awaiting review by a panel of judges and then possibly US President Donald Trump because iPhones don’t directly compete with any Qualcomm products.A few days earlier, Qualcomm won a point as Apple was ordered to pay $31 million for patent infringement.Meanwhile, by the end of 2018, Qualcomm had secured a ban on the sale of certain iPhones in China and Germany—again for patent violations—but Apple may still appeal. © 2019 AFP Explore further Jury rules Apple owes Qualcomm $31M for patent infringement An iPhone 6S: a battle between Apple and chip-maker Qualcomm over royalties and access to patents is playing out in a US court in San Diego This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 minute and see why everyone is addictedVikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoScience101This Is The Smartest Dog Breed According To VeterinariansScience101UndoAncestryThe Story Behind Your Last Name Will Surprise YouAncestryUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoLivestlyThese Dog Breeds Do Not Make Good PetsLivestlyUndo Penguin Selfie Offers Bird’s Eye ViewCurious Emperor penguins have been captured in Antarctica getting up close and personal on film. The vision was filmed at the Auster Rookery near Australia’s Mawson research stationAustralian Antarctic expeditioner, Eddie Gault, left the camera on the ice when visiting the rookery, and it didn’t take long for the naturally curious birds to seize the opportunity for a selfie.Credit: Eddie Gault/Australian Antarctic DivisionVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65809-male-seeming-owl-lays-egg.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3700:37Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball00:29Video – Giggly Robot02:31Surgical Robotics关闭 Pretty Bird: Images of a Clever Parrot Whooo’s in There? Amazing Images of Owls Happy Feet: A Gallery of Pudgy Penguins An eagle owl named Kaln lived for 23 years at a sanctuary in Gloucester, England. For that whole length of time, its handlers thought it was a male. Then, according to Vincent Jones, founder and trustee of the sanctuary, it laid an egg. The egg wasn’t fertilized, Jones told Live Science, so Kaln won’t get to mother a chick. But still, it was a big surprise to all of Kaln’s handlers. “I think he was just as shocked as we were,” Jones said. [Photos: Salmon-Eating Owls Revealed in Stunning Images]Advertisement Sexing owls is tricky, because males and females outwardly have more or less identical bodies, according to a study published Jan. 24, 2008, in the Journal of Heredity. Unlike mammals and other creatures, there’s no obvious difference even between their genitals. Plus, Jones said, his sanctuary has no interest in the biological sexes of the birds it takes in. Most of them are rescued from lives as pets or captive working birds, he said. And the sanctuary has no interest in breeding captive owls, only rehabilitating them. “We have 46 birds,” Jones said. “If they have the behavior of a male, we say they’re male. If they have the behavior of a female, we say they’re female.” Typically, according to the National Aviary, Eurasian eagle owl females lay up to six eggs across a month-long period in late winter. [Whooo Knew? 10 Superb Facts About Owls] Kaln never did that though in his 23 years at the sanctuary, Jones said. “He’s always shown signs of being a male,” Jones added. Many of the male birds in the sanctuary “imprint” on their human handlers and treat them as mates, he said. And during breeding season, “Kaln always wants to bonk everything,” he said. Even genetic tests don’t always show a clear distinction between male-sexed owls from female-sexed owls in many species, according to that 2008 paper. Female-sex birds have Z and W chromosomes, while male-sex birds have two Z chromosomes. But those chromosomes can be similar enough that they’re difficult to distinguish. The authors of that paper specifically tried to distinguish the genes of male and female Eurasian eagle owls and failed. The egg hasn’t changed how the sanctuary views Kaln, Jones said. “It’s no different than people. There’s no difference between male and female. We’re all individuals,” he said. “Kaln is an individual. He’s a very special individual. Now we say he’s a tomboy.” The larger concern is that around the same time the bird laid its egg, it began acting “depressed” and displaying some health issues that turned out to be unrelated. Today (June 27), however, Jones said that Kaln has seemed more active and upbeat. “And that’s what really matters isn’t it? The health of the owl,” Jones said. Kaln inspects his egg. Credit: The Barn Owl Centre
Lok Sabha passes Surrogacy Bill Lok Sabha proceedings were adjourned till noon, minutes after the lower house was convened for the day.Sloganeering was on from the opposition benches even as the Question hour progressed.Some members threw papers as Ayush Minister started to respond to questions pertaining to his firstname.lastname@example.org SHARE SHARE EMAIL December 21, 2018 Published on COMMENT RELATED Govt to infuse Rs 83,000 cr in PSBs in next few months: Jaitley A view of Parliament House in New Delhi. Photo: V. Sudershan – The Hindu SHARE COMMENTS
January 20, 2019 Whither health insurance? Tamil Nadu tops the claims charts under Ayushman scheme The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), also known as Ayushman Bharat, has benefited more than 8.9 lakh people since its launch last year, NITI Aayog member VK Paul said here Sunday.Paul, who is also the Chairman of Board of Governors, Medical Council of India, was speaking at the first convocation of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal.Earlier, in the first week of December, Ayushman Bharat Mission CEO Indu Bhushan had put the figure of beneficiaries at over 4.6 lakh in the first ten weeks. “More than 8.9 lakh people have already availed benefits of PMJAY, the world’s largest public health programme launched on September 23 last year,” Paul said.He also urged the AIIMS graduates to serve in the country instead of going abroad. Faculty members and other staff at an institution bearing the AIIMS brand require dedication of going beyond “9 to 5” working hours, Paul said. “Even professors should be available late night for patient care if required,” he stated. COMMENT Ayushman Bharat a ‘game changer’ in healthcare: Jaitley ‘Will open 15 lakh rural wellness centres by 2022’ Centre has spent ₹850 crore on Ayushman Bharat till date RELATED Ayushman Bharat: States with existing schemes did well in enrolling hospitals 2018 must be remembered for Ayushman Bharat, household electrification: PM Modi Published on SHARE Ayushman Bharat scheme SHARE SHARE EMAIL ‘6 lakh patients treated under Ayushman Bharat within 90 days’ health COMMENTS
COMMENTS COMMENT SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on SHARE Samajwadi Party president Akhilesh Yadav February 20, 2019 politics Attacking the BJP government at the Centre for giving nod to re-issue the contentious triple talaq ordinance, Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav said Wednesday it will be used as a “weapon against minorities”.“Social change cannot be achieved through force and arbitrary criminalisation. A narrative of women’s empowerment is being used to cover up an ordinance which will be used as a weapon against minorities. We will support an act that implements the Justice Sachar report,” Yadav said here.The Union Cabinet on Tuesday gave its nod to re-issue the ordinance that makes the practice of instant triple talaq by Muslim men a penal offence.Once signed by President Ram Nath Kovind, it will come into force for the third time in less than one year. A bill on the ordinance making the practise of ‘talaq-e-biddat’ (instance divorce) void and an offence is pending in Rajya Sabha. The bill will lapse on June 3 with the dissolution of the present Lok Sabha.While opposition parties and some community leaders have claimed that jail term for a man for divorcing his wife is legally untenable, the government has asserted it provides justice and equality to Muslim women.Under the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2019, divorcing through instant triple talaq will be illegal, void and would attract a jail term of three years for the husband. A bill to convert the previous ordinance, issued in September 2018, was cleared by Lok Sabha in December and was pending in Rajya Sabha. Since the bill could not get parliamentary approval, a fresh ordinance was issued.These amendments were cleared by the Cabinet on August 29, 2018. While the ordinance makes it a “non-bailable” offence, an accused can approach a magistrate before trial to seek bail. In a non-bailable offence, bail cannot be granted by police at the police station itself. A provision has been added to allow the magistrate to grant bail “after hearing the wife”, the government had said.
Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Bill introduced in Rajya SabhaUnion Civil Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri Friday introduced a Bill in Rajya Sabha that proposes to allow the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA) to bid out any new airport at a pre-determined tariff structure.advertisement Next Press Trust of India New DelhiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 22:00 IST “This introduction of bill is gross violation of Parliametary proceedings,” Jairam Ramesh said (File photo)Union Civil Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri Friday introduced a Bill in Rajya Sabha that proposes to allow the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA) to bid out any new airport at a pre-determined tariff structure.However, as soon as Hardeep Singh Puri rose to introduce the Bill, Jairam Ramesh (Congress), said it should go to a Parliamentary Standing Committee first.”This introduction of the bill is a gross violation of Parliamentary proceedings,” Jairam Ramesh said, adding it should go to a standing committee.To this, Leader of the House Thawar Chand Gehlot said the discussion was not possible today.The Chair said it was only allowing Hardeep Singh Puri to introduce the Bill.The Cabinet on June 24 had approved the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority(Amendment), Bill.The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) is a regulator that has the powers to set the tariffs charged at airports.The amendment is proposed to allow the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA) to bid out any new airport at a pre-determined tariff structure, sources had said.Currently, major airports with an annual capacity to handle one-and-a-half million passengers come under the purview of Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA).If the amendment is passed by Parliament, the definition of major airports would be changed to any aerodrome which has or is designated to have an annual passenger capacity of three-and-a-half million.The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA) (Amendment) Bill was last approved by the Cabinet during the Modi government’s first tenure in December 2017.However, it could not be passed in last year’s Monsoon Session.As a new Lok Sabha has come in place now, the older bill has lapsed. Therefore, the Cabinet approved the bill again so that it can be re-introduced in Parliament for passage.ALSO READ | Union Budget: Infrastructure development for driving economic growthALSO READ | Govt introduces s bill in LS to amend AERA Act, change major airport definitionALSO WATCH | Delhi’s IGI Airport adjudged world’s best by Airports Council InternationalFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShahrukh Tags :Follow AERAFollow Rajya SabhaFollow Jairam RameshFollow Hardeep Singh PuriFollow Airports
US to seek rollback of Indian tariffs on some agricultural productsUS President Donald Trump has been putting pressure on India to do more to open its markets, saying this week on Twitter that its high tariffs were “unacceptable”.advertisement Reuters New DelhiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 12:32 IST Raw almonds being crushed inside a factory. (File photo: Reuters)United States will seek rollback of Indian tariffs imposed on some agricultural products such as almonds when the two sides meet on Friday, a senior Indian government source told Reuters.A delegation led by Assistant US Trade Representative for South and Central Asia, Christopher Wilson, will meet Indian officials to try to re-start negotiations on the tariffs, which were response to the US removing some trade privileges from Indian products.US President Donald Trump has been putting pressure on India to do more to open its markets, saying this week on Twitter that its high tariffs were “unacceptable”.The United States would seek a rollback of some of those tariffs, and India would in return seek better access to the US market for Indian farm products, said the Indian official who is aware of the agenda for discussions. He declined to be named.India was unlikely to immediately commit to any changes to foreign investment rules for foreign e-commerce firms such as Walmart’s Flipkart and Amazon, the official said. The rules have forced the twoAmerican companies to rework their business strategies for India.Walmart told the US government privately in January that India’s new investment rules for e-commerce were regressive and had the potential to hurt trade ties, Reuters reported on Thursday.Also read | India had field day: Trump slams India once again over tariffs on US productsAlso read | Will increase information-sharing, interoperability with Indian Armed Forces: US GeneralAlso watch | PM Narendra Modi and Donald Trump meet on sidelines of G20 SummitFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byAnumika Bahukhandi Tags :Follow Indo US relationsFollow AgricultureFollow US marketFollow Indian tariff levelsFollow Donald Trump Next
Induction of Congress MLAs into BJP is death of Parrikar’s legacy: Vijai SardesaiOutgoing Deputy CM of Goa Vijai Sardesai said the induction of ten MLAs of Congress into BJP was the “death of the legacy” of late CM Manohar Parrikar.advertisement Next Press Trust of India PanajiJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 19:03 IST HIGHLIGHTSGoa Congress suffered a body blow on Wednesday when 10 of its 15 MLAs switched over to BJPSubsequently, CM Sawant dropped four ministers — three of Goa Forward Party, including Vijay Sardesai, from his cabinetSardesai also announced that Goa Forward Party was “withdrawing” its support to the BJP-led governmentOutgoing Deputy Chief Minister of Goa Vijai Sardesai on Saturday said the induction of ten MLAs of the Congress into the BJP was the “death of the legacy” of late chief minister Manohar Parrikar – the tallest saffron leader in the coastal state credited for forming the coalition government in 2017 by bringing together regional parties.The Congress in Goa suffered a body blow on Wednesday when 10 of its 15 MLAs switched over to the BJP, a development that raised the ruling stock in the 40-member House to 27.Subsequently, Chief Minister Pramod Sawant dropped four ministers — three of the Goa Forward Party (GFP), including Sardesai, and one Independent — from his cabinet.”Parrikar died twice…once on March 17 physically while today it is the death of his political legacy,” Sardesai told a gathering held near Parrikar memorial at Miramar.Meanwhile, Sardesai also announced that the Goa Forward Party (GFP) was “withdrawing” its support to the BJP-led government.He alleged that the ruling government wanted to finish Parrikar’s legacy, which won’t be allowed.”We supported the Pramod Sawant government because I had given my word to Parrikar that the support to the government will continue in any circumstances. We now feel cheated and ditched by the NDA,” he said.Sardesai reiterated that he had not recieved any communication from Central leaders of the BJP.”The central leadership of the BJP has lost its face. The NDA has ditched their partners,” he said.ALSO READ: 3 Congress rebels, one BJP MLA sworn in as Goa MinistersALSO READ: Hours before Goa Cabinet reshuffle, CM Pramod Sawant drops four ministersFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySanjay Nirala
Samajwadi Party’s Azam Khan faces arrest in land grabbing, torture caseTwenty-six farmers have stated that Azam Khan and Aalehasan illegally detained and pressured them to sign on a forged sale deed in a bid to acquire their land running into several thousand hectares.advertisement Next Indo-Asian News Service New DelhiJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 19:07 IST Azam Khan allegedly forged documents and grabbed land worth over several hundred crores for Mohammed Ali Jauhar University. (Photo: PTI)More than two dozen poor farmers were illegally detained and tortured for several days before their lands were “forcibly grabbed” by senior Samajwadi Party (SP) leader and MP Azam Khan in Uttar Pradesh’s Rampur district, the police said on Saturday.According to a criminal case registered at Rampur’s Azim Nagar Police Station, Azam Khan and his close aide, former Deputy Superintendent of UP Police Aalehasan Khan, allegedly forged documents and grabbed land worth over several hundred crores for Mohammed Ali Jauhar University, a multi-crore private project of the SP leader.”Twenty-six farmers have stated that Azam Khan and Aalehasan illegally detained and pressured them to sign on a forged sale deed in a bid to acquire their land running into several thousand hectares,” Ajay Pal Sharma, Superintendent of Police, Rampur said.”When the farmers refused to sign on the papers, their land was forcibly occupied. Aalehasan, then circle officer of Rampur, misused his official position in grabbing the land belonging to the poor. After verifying facts we have registered a criminal case against Azam Khan and Aalehasan,” said Sharma.The case against the SP leader was registered on the basis of an enquiry by the UP Revenue Department, which checked all relevant documents and recorded statements of farmers who mainly belong to the minority community.”On the basis of the main complaint of the Revenue Department, now 26 separate cases will be filed (against Azam Khan) as it involves different patches of land and different owners,” said the Rampur district police chief.Asked whether Azam Khan could be arrested, Sharma said, “It may happen any time. The investigation is on.”The FIR (relating to case) says besides grabbing farmers’ lands, Azam Khan, also misused his position (as Cabinet Minister of UP during 2012-2017) to illegally occupy over 5,000 hectares of land adjoining the banks of Kosi river, which flows along the University campus.The land falls by the Kosi riverside and cannot be acquired. “But revenue records were allegedly forged and the land, worth over several hundred crores, was illegally occupied by Mohammed Jauhar Ali University,” said a Revenue Officer.According to the Revenue Officer, the forged documents to fraudulently occupy the riverbed, are now strong evidence against Azam Khan.Azam Khan’s dream project, Mohammed Ali Jauhar University, was conceived as a private Urdu university in 2004. Acquisition of land and construction of the university campus started rapidly after the Samajwadi Party (SP) came to power in UP and Azam Khan became one of its most powerful ministers.In 2012, the Akhilesh Yadav government granted the university’s lifelong chancellorship to Azam Khan, a move which was opposed by then UP Governor.Last month, BJP leader Jayaprada, who contested the 2019 Lok Sabha polls against Azam Khan, filed a complaint with the Election Commission seeking the newly elected MP’s disqualification for also holding an office of profit as the chancellor of Mohammed Ali Jauhar University.Jaya Prada cited two examples — one of Sonia Gandhi and another of Jaya Bachchan — both of whom had to resign as MPs and re-contest polls on grounds of holding the office of profit.IANS tried to contact Azam Khan for his comments on being booked in cases of land grabbing, but could not reach him. A Samajwadi Party office-bearer said the BJP was trying to malign the SP stalwart’s image, who had established a world-class university for the people of UP in Rampur.Also Read | FIR against Azam Khan for sexist khaki underwear remark against Jaya PradaAlso Read | Jaya Prada challenges election of Azam Khan from Uttar Pradesh, RampurAlso Watch | He always lies, is taking U-turn: Jaya Prada on Azam Khan’s sexist remarksFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byChanchal Chauhan
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