Category: sdcmhmij


Equity Bank Limited ( Q12015 Interim Report

first_imgEquity Bank Limited ( listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2015 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about Equity Bank Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Equity Bank Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Equity Bank Limited (  2015 interim results for the first quarter.Company ProfileEquity Bank Limited is a financial services institution in Kenya providing banking products and services for the personal, commercial and corporate sectors. The company offers a full-service offering ranging from transactional accounts and digital banking to school fees collection, custody investment and group accounts, trade finance, asset finance and microfinance loans. Equity Bank (Kenya) Limited is a subsidiary of Equity Group Holdings Limited and its head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Equity Bank Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more


England’s bench options for Fiji

first_imgLATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Impact sub: Sam Burgess has a good chance of warming England’s bench By Adam HathawayStuart Lancaster has made some hard calls in the last few weeks as he has whittled his squad down from 50 to 39 then to 31 for the World Cup. He has got a few more hard calls to make before the opening match against Fiji on 18 September. This is where the England boss really will earn his corn.As we all know 31 into 23 won’t go and the make-up of the bench will be crucial for every team in the tournament. Get that wrong and you could really be struggling.Getting the right replacements is only half the problem. Using them at the right time is crucial and many games are destroyed as spectacle when both coaches flood the pitch with substitutes in the second half.We are told they have all sorts of data about when players are tired and more prone to injury but Lancaster says he does most of his substitutions on gut coaching instinct.Decision time: Stuart Lancaster says he prefers to go with gut instinct than purely dataI wonder what his gut is telling him about the make-up of his bench for the World Cup.Lancaster just about knows his starting XV for the first game and barring injuries has already said that the same lot will be running out against Wales and Australia.He doesn’t have the luxury that Joe Schmidt or Philippe Saint-Andre have of being able to tinker around with things in his first three matches. He has to get it spot on from the off and, as we are continually told it is a 23-man game nowadays, so the bench is vital.Assuming Lancaster goes with the five forwards and three backs replacement split he employed against Ireland at Twickenham, and not the six-two ratio Bath employ if you-know-who, is on the bench then he has a puzzle to work out.Go forward: Both Ben Morgan and Billy Vunipola give England precious momentumHe has to have three front rowers in there, and a lock, who can cover in the back row, and one of Ben Morgan or Billy Vunipola for their ball-carrying late on.One of the backs will be a scrum-half, probably Richard Wigglesworth, but the other two spots are a conundrum.England are not exactly over-run with the rugby equivalents of David Fairclough, Liverpool’s ‘Super Sub’ of the 1970s, who always seemed to deliver a match-turning goal when he came off the bench. Stuart Lancaster may have a pretty good idea of his starting XV but his wider 23 is more complex. We guage his options for the opener against Fijicenter_img We have seen what Sam Burgess brings – a bit of oomph, some big tackles and not a whole lot else. He does exactly what it says on the tin.Back in 2003 Clive Woodward made one of the most celebrated substitutions of all time when he brought on Mike Catt, for Dan Luger with Mike Tindall moving to the wing, to shepherd Jonny Wilkinson through the quarter-final against Wales in Brisbane.Tried and tested: Owen Farrell has invaluable experience of guiding England homeCatt was a proper footballer and with the best will in the world you can’t imagine Burgess doing a similar job with George Ford.You can imagine him running through a few tired midfields and offloading the ball if England realise they have to have someone right on his shoulder.Henry Slade could bring a bit of footballing nous, the ability to cover 10,12, 13 and 15 and a spot of long-range goal-kicking.But if Slade is on the bench where does that leave Owen Farrell, who closed out the game against Ireland last weekend with two late penalties?Anthony Watson has been running at full-back in training so that probably spells bad news for Alex Goode for the first three weeks at least.And Farrell has too much credit with Lancaster to not be involved in the match day 23, and the England coaches have invested too much time in Burgess recently not to get him on the park at some point. So Slade looks a likely fall guy which is a shame for those of us who prefer a bit of guile to the battering ram.I reckon Lancaster will stick with Farrell and Burgess, but whatever he does he – and his gut – have got to get this one right.last_img read more


Elephant parade art trail in Luton to raise funds for Keech Hospice Care

first_img Luton will next year host a parade of at least 30 vibrantly designed elephant sculptures that will form a public art trail, and raise funds for Keech Hospice Care.The Big Trunk Trail will offer a free art trail around Luton’s landmarks and public spaces for 11 weeks starting from 3 July 2021.The trail is a partnership between Keech Hospice Care, the adult hospice for Luton and south Bedfordshire and the children’s hospice for Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire and Milton Keynes, and Wild in Art, the producer of “spectacular public art events that entertain, enrich, inform and leave a lasting legacy”.At today’s launch, Liz Searle, CEO of Keech Hospice Care, said that the art trail will help mark the local charity’s 30th anniversary. It was “our way of saying thank you to the truly remarkable people, businesses and organisations who’ve supported our hospice through the years.”She added: “I am excited at the thought of these magnificent elephants standing among Luton’s iconic attractions and streets, bringing colour and fun to the town. Another collective name for elephants is a ‘memory’ and, as a hospice, we hope The Big Trunk Trail will bring people together to remember loved ones while creating fantastic new memories.”  806 total views,  2 views today More animal sculpture fundraisingSnails take over Brighton (and Hove actually) in latest fundraising arts trail (12 September 2018)Summer 2018 sculpture trails round-up (23 August 2018)Great North Snowdogs take over North East in sculpture trail ( 7 July 2016)Six charities fundraising from fibreglass animal sculptures (5 October 2013) Wild in ArtWild in Art’s sculpture trails have been bringing together communities in cities around the world since 2008. To date, its events have contributed more than £15 million to charities and £2.4 million to creative communities.Charlie Langhorne, co-founder and Managing Director at Wild in Art, said: “We are delighted to be bringing The Big Trunk Trail to Luton and working with our partners Keech Hospice Care to bring something truly exciting to the town.“Our events are designed to bring the enjoyment of public art to everyone while offering new ways for people to explore their local area, but we need the support of local businesses to make it happen.” Elephant parade art trail in Luton to raise funds for Keech Hospice Care Tagged with: arts Charity Auction fundraising events The public art event is being launched today virtually online at Luton Hoo Hotel, Golf and Spa. Photo copyright 2020 Keech Hospice Care. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving.center_img Advertisement Fundraising auctionAt the end of the event, the large sculptures will be auctioned to raise money for Keech Hospice Care so it can continue to provide care to adults and children with life- limiting and terminal illnesses, and their families.  807 total views,  3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Elephant calf sculpturesThe sculptures will be sponsored by businesses and brought to life with designs crafted by artists from Luton and beyond. They will be joined by elephant calf sculptures which will be decorated in artwork by local schools and community groups.Linsey Frostick, Chairperson of Love Luton, Project Presenting Partner of The Big Trunk Trail, said: “The Big Trunk Trail will offer a totally different experience to both families and art lovers alike and encourage visitors to Luton for a fabulous day out. It will get people exploring parts of the town they may not have visited before.” Howard Lake | 6 October 2020 | Newslast_img read more


Haitians protest Presidents Martelly and Clinton

first_imgOutside Cipriani’s restaurant, June 19.WW photo: G. DunkelThe anger that burst out in the streets of Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, on June 5 and June 10 spilled over into the streets of New York City on June 19.More than 100 Haitians and some North American supporters showed up on short notice to protest the “Happy Hearts Fund” special award to Haitian President Michel Martelly for his “Leadership in Education.” Former President Bill Clinton was there and got his award for “Lifetime Achievement” for “ensuring that children and communities are not forgotten after disasters strike.”One of the main chants of the demonstrators was “Clinton, where is the money?!” with the response being “In whose pockets?!” Clinton was responsible for overseeing the billions in aid promised to Haiti after the devastating earthquake four years ago. While the rubble is cleaned off the streets — finally — over 200,000 people are still in tents and temporary shacks and other ill-designed, unsuitable housing that has been built.Just a few schools and other public facilities have been replaced. The jobs program promised early after the disaster has been scattered and ineffective. Most Haitians work catch-as-catch-can, strictly temporary by the day, and very rarely getting more than $2 for a day’s labor.Some of the signs and chants raised the fact that President Barack Obama has continued Clinton’s policies towards Haiti.Another issue, raised in both Port-Au-Prince and New York, was the United Nations’ “peacekeeping” occupation, which is currently 10 years old. Haiti, in fact, is at peace. What the U.N. is doing is “keeping” domination by the U.S. intact.U.N. refuses reparations for cholera epidemicFour years ago, the U.N. brought cholera to Haiti by dumping untreated fecal matter into Haiti’s largest river system. To date, over 830,000 Haitians have been sickened from the U.N.’s cholera, with more than 8,000 dying from the disease. Despite overwhelming evidence of its guilt, the U.N., with the firm backing of the U.S. and other imperialist powers on the U.N.’s Security Council, has refused any form of reparations to the victims of cholera in Haiti.Another issue raised in both cities is whether Martelly is a thief. While that charge is unlikely to be proven in a court of law during the time he is president, it is clear that he enjoys ostentatious luxury during the numerous foreign trips he makes. Martelly has awarded himself a daily allowance of $20,000. (Haiti Sentinel, Dec. 13, 2012) This per diem does not cover the other members of his entourage, like his spouse. They get their own.Cipriani’s, the restaurant where the award ceremony was held, is owned by an international company which has a long history of conflicts with Local 6 of UNITE HERE, and had been sued a number of times over how it distributes tips and wages. It is a frequent venue for ruling-class celebrations.The ceremony itself was conducted by supermodel Petra Nemcova, head of the Happy Hearts Fund and companion of Haitian Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe. It attracted a number of the glitterati, like actor Naomi Watts and figure skater Scott Hamilton.The Dessalines Coordination (KOD) and New York Lavalas were among the Haitian groups at the protest. The International Action Center and Socialist Action were the North American groups present.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more


Poor People’s Campaign begins Days of Action

first_imgThe Poor People’s Campaign: A National Call for Moral Revival, initiated by the Rev. William J. Barber II from North Carolina, kicks off on May 14. On that date, and on the following five Mondays, activists in 32 states will descend on their state capitals for Days of Action with mass rallies and civil disobedience.Each Monday’s action will focus on a different aspect of the war on the workers and the poor. The themes for the Days of Action are:May 14: Women, the “Me Too” movement, LGBTQ+ struggle, people with disabilities, youth and child poverty, and the right to education for all.May 21: Connecting systemic racism and economic justice with voting rights and just immigration.May 28: Veterans, the war economy, militarism and gun violence.June 4: Right to health, and justice in health care, ecological devastation, climate change, water and fracking.June 11: “Everybody’s got the right to live” — jobs, living wages, guaranteed income, housing, education and social services.June 18: “A New and Unsettling Force” — challenging the country’s moral narrative with a fusion movement rising up.In Michigan, different organizations are assuming responsibility for organizing a particular Day of Action. For example, the Moratorium Now! Coalition is pulling together groups to organize events on June 11 for “Everybody’s got the right to live.”An important aspect of the Poor People’s Campaign has been the use of people’s culture to advance the struggle. In Michigan, weekly meetings of the Art Is Resistance Committee have taken place, with musicians, poets and other cultural workers bringing their contributions to the struggle.The Poor People’s Campaign has published a comprehensive list of demands in its “Declaration of Fundamental Rights and Poor People’s Moral Agenda.” These include the right to a job at a living wage; defense of unions; an end to all welfare cuts; and guarantee of the right to housing for all.The program is anti-racist and encompasses the rights of im/migrants, women, the LGBTQ community and people with disabilities. It is against war and militarism and for using Pentagon funds for human needs.The declaration calls for expansion of Medicaid and Medicare until national health care is achieved. It avows that education is a right and calls for free tuition at colleges and universities and cancellation of all student debt.For more information on the Poor ­People’s Campaign and to join the actions in your state, go to thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more


Fort Worth residents talk election results over breakfast

first_imgAbbey Block Abbey Block Twitter Abbey Block printAt 6:00 a.m. following election day, many of the booths at the Paris Coffee Shop were empty. For many of the people who already gathered at the popular local restaurant, president-elect Trump was their candidate of choice.An employee of the Paris Coffee shop reads the newspaper after election day.Donald Trump will be the 45th president of the United States. The new president-elect earned 290 electoral votes. His democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, earned 228 electoral votes.Trump’s win is being called one of the biggest upsets in presidential election history. Many news outlets gave Clinton a 90 percent chance of winning the election before Nov. 8.Despite these statistics, Kelly Shannon said he was not surprised by Trump’s victory.“He struck a very strong nerve in this country,” Shannon said. “I think there’s a greater opportunity with an anti-political establishment candidate than more of the same that we’ve had in the past.”Shannon Kelly said he would describe himself as a conservative.Tony Gonzales said he stayed up late to find out the results of the election. Although the outcome of the election surprised him, Gonzales said he was pleased that Trump won.“It takes a lot of work and a lot of votes to counteract all the media was trying to do for Hilary Clinton.” he said. “I wasn’t sure he was going to be able to do it, but it was very historic.”Many republican leaders also said they were stunned by Trump’s unexpected victory.According to the Associated Press, House Speaker Paul Ryan said Trump’s win was “the most incredible political feat I have seen in my lifetime.”To Esther Ortiz, a hospital eligibility specialist in Fort Worth, Trump’s victory marked the end of a very long and negative campaign.“The election has been very childish,” she said. “Honestly I would  leave my television. I didn’t want to hear the things they were saying.”Ortiz said she hopes Trump will lead the nation to unification.Esther Ortiz said she was surprised Trump “beat all the odds.”“There has been so much division,”Ortiz said. “I’m just hoping we can all come together.”Ortiz, who said she voted for Trump, said she thinks it is important for the country to move forward.“We can’t change the past. We can’t change what has happened,” she said. “So let’s just go forward from this point on now. Let’s work together so other countries around the world aren’t laughing at us.”Hear more from Ortiz below. Linkedin + posts Abbey Block Twitter ReddIt Women in STEM: bias and bridging the gap Facebook Ballet Frontier of Texas wows in Nutcracker performance Abbey Block Fort Worth girl searches for a bone marrow donor Facebook Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature Linkedin Rising number of students reporting mental health issues Grains to grocery: One bread maker brings together farmers and artisans at locally-sourced store Previous articleDespite outcome, women celebrate their first vote for a woman candidateNext articleLocal artist and TCU alum presents new exhibit Abbey Block RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR ReddIt Fort Worth set to elect first new mayor in 10 years Saturdaylast_img read more


Second break-in in six months at Ugandan newspaper

first_img January 13, 2021 Find out more UgandaAfrica Condemning abuses ViolenceFreedom of expression The persons who broke into the offices of The Observer on the night of 31 March took all the computers, hard disks and servers. Nothing is so far known about their identity or motives. Some 15 computers were taken during the first break-in, on 15 October 2016. That was a week after the newspaper’s editor was summoned before the Parliamentary Committee on Rules, Privileges, and Discipline to explain articles regarded as critical of parliament. The police opened an investigation into the first break-in but never reported their findings.“Such repeated attacks on a media outlet cannot remain unpunished,” said Reporters Without Borders . “As well as the financial losses incurred by the newspaper, this fosters a climate of fear and paranoia among the staff. We urge the Ugandan police to shed all possible light on both attacks and to report the findings of the investigation under way since October, in order to clearly show that the authorities are not taking such attacks lightly.”The latest break-in was more serious than the first. As well as the main newsroom, each individual office was ransacked, including the office of managing director James Tumusiime, and all the computers were taken, including the back-up server. Some of the details of the break-in are not yet clear, but its precision suggests that it might have had inside help.Despite the loss of all their computers, The Observer’s journalists managed to publish their next issue on schedule yesterday, albeit with some difficulties.One of its editors, Benon Herbert Oluka, wrote: “I have worked on newspapers during some pretty serious crises. But this is one of the tougher editions of a paper that I have ever been involved in producing. Nothing is going to break our spirit. On Monday your copy of The Observer will be on the streets. Don’t miss it!” Uganda is ranked 102nd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2016 World Press Freedom Index. News Organisation Follow the news on Uganda Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns last weekend’s break-in at the Kampala-based independent newspaper The Observer, the second in six months, and calls on the Ugandan police to shed light on both incidents. Uganda blocks social media and messaging apps, isolating election UgandaAfrica Condemning abuses ViolenceFreedom of expression Help by sharing this information to go further Richard Kavuma, editor of The Observer, stands in front of his Kampala office following an overnight break-in, on April 1, 2017© Michael O’Hagan / AFP center_img RSF_en March 12, 2021 Find out more April 4, 2017 Second break-in in six months at Ugandan newspaper Uganda urged to free two journalist held since last week on libel charges News Ugandan president threatens to “bankrupt” leading daily Receive email alerts News News June 4, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more


Delhi High Court Issues Notice In NGO’s Plea Seeking Extension By 6 Months For Opening FCRA Account With SBI

first_imgNews UpdatesDelhi High Court Issues Notice In NGO’s Plea Seeking Extension By 6 Months For Opening FCRA Account With SBI Radhika Roy7 May 2021 9:35 AMShare This – xDelhi High Court on Friday issued notice in a plea filed by an NGO seeking for an extension by a period of 6 months for the opening of an FCRA account with State Bank of India.The plea also prays for a direction to set aside for 6 months the restriction on receiving foreign contribution in existing FCRA accounts from 1 April 2021, as mandated by the Ministry of Home Affairs in a public notice dated 13 October 2020, as well as direction to process the Petitioner’s application to open an FCRA account.A Bench of Justice Prathiba M. Singh heard the matter and proceeded to issue notice in the same.The plea, filed by Advocates Abishek Jebaraj and Srishti Agnihotri, submits that the Petitioner-NGO is reliant on foreign contribution to carry out its economic, educational and social activities, including employment of staff, supporting the needs of communities and providing relief during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010, requires the opening of a designated FCRA account, which is an exclusive account in which foreign contribution is to be received. The FCRA Amendment Act of 2020 was then promulgated which amended Section 17 and now requires that a primary FCRA account for any organization in India needs to be exclusively opened with State Bank of India, New Delhi.The plea submits that SO dated 7th October 2020 was then issued which stated that all FCRA registered organisations had to prefer applications to open their new designated bank account at the SBI Main Branch, New Delhi with copies of all the relevant documents. The deadline for the same was 31 March, 2021, as specified in a public notice dated 13 October, 2020. It is then averred that despite the Petitioner-NGO submitting an application on 25 March, 2021, the elaborate processes for permission and the various documentation to be submitted, combined with serious delays due to COVID-19, has resulted in the application still remaining pending. Due to this, the Petitioner is unable to receive foreign funding. “As a consequence, the Petitioner is neither able to receive foreign contribution in its existing non-SBI FCRA account nor open a primary FCRA account with SBI to receive foreign contribution. This is severely restricting its activities, including providing COVID-19 related relief and paying of urgent salaries of staff, as well as affecting its charitable and educational activities, due to administrative delays completely out of its control.” Submitting that despite applying for the opening of a SBI account, the Petitioner-NGO has not received a letter from SBI which is required to apply for the FC6C certificate of approval by Ministry of Home Affairs. “The resurgence of the COVID-19 pandemic is set to cause further grave delay in opening the new designated FCRA Account. The situation is only made worse by the onset of the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to limited functioning of offices around the country”. The plea then goes on to contend that this has caused immense hardship for the Petitioner and other similarly situated persons who are seeking to open FCRA Accounts. “There is significant administrative expense and hardship in opening and maintaining a new bank account in another city for organisations located outside Delhi, such as the Petitioner. There is also severe inconvenience involved in submitting copies of all the necessary papers and personal documents, such as Aadhaar copies and KYCs of signatories and other persons.” Stating the grievance that in spite of having a valid FCRA registration and being in urgent need of foreign contribution during the pandemic, it is unable to receive the same from readily available donors, the Petitioner-NGO has approached the Delhi High Court for directions to the Ministry to extend the last date to open a primary FCRA Account on humanitarian groundsClick Hear To Download/Read OrderTagsFCRA Account Delhi High Court Justice Prathiba M. Singh State Bank of India Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) Next Storylast_img read more


Eastdil picks up acquisitions pro from SL Green

first_imgDrew Isaacson, who worked on the $447M sale of The Olivia, will move from SL Green to Eastdil Secured (Google Maps, LinkedIn via Drew Isaacson) Eastdil Secured has tapped an SL Green Realty acquisitions pro to join its sales team.Drew Isaacson, a senior vice president at SL Green, will head to the real estate investment banking firm next week as a senior vice president in the New York City office, sources told The Real Deal.Isaacson has spent the past seven years at the REIT, where he’s worked on deals like last year’s $447 million sale of the Olivia apartment building on West 33rd Street to a fund backed by Brookfield Asset Management.Isaacson is also heavily involved in the company’s debt and preferred-equity book. Prior to SL Green, he spent about five years at Waterman Interests, according to his LinkedIn profile.ADVERTISEMENTA representative for Eastdil Secured declined to comment, and Isaacson did not immediately respond to a request for comment.Isaacson will work on the sales team led by Gary Phillips and Will Silverman.The hire comes as Eastdil, once New York City’s top investment sales brokerage, looks to regain some of the ground lost to competitors in recent years. Its top sales team, led by Doug Harmon and Adam Spies, left for rival Cushman & Wakefield in 2016.Eastdil ranked as the fourth most-active brokerage in New York City in 2019 with $1.8 billion worth of deals, according to the most recent ranking by The Real Deal. That put it behind competitors Cushman, CBRE and JLL — firms the company had previously dominated.Eastdil has also suffered something of a brain drain in recent years as a number of its home-grown brokers left. Most recently, senior vice president Bruer Kershner departed in October after more than eight years at the firm. He took a job at CBRE in Philadelphia, according to his LinkedIn.Headed by CEO Roy March, Eastdil has long prided itself on its company culture — “the Eastdil way” — built on a model where brokers work collaboratively on deals in a salary-and-bonus compensation structure, as opposed to the “eat what you kill” commission basis of most commercial real estate brokers. Eastdil was also known for training and bringing up professionals through its ranks, but in recent years the company has relied more heavily on outside hires.But it’s been in the midst of some major changes. March oversaw a management-led buyout of the company in late 2019, financed by the asset management firm Guggenheim Investments and the Singapore sovereign-wealth fund Temasek Holdings.And Eastdil recently lost its founder and longtime chairman Ben Lambert, who died in early February at the age of 82.Contact Rich Bockmann Tags Message* Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Full Name*center_img Email Address* Share via Shortlink Commercial Real Estateeastdil securedSL Green Realtylast_img read more


Interactive effects of warming and species loss on model Antarctic microbial food webs

first_img1. Predicting the effects of warming and species loss on ecosystems are two significant challenges currently facing ecologists. However, little is known of the interactive effects of these two factors. We hence tested whether or not warming and species loss interact to influence productivity and dissolved nitrogen concentrations in model Antarctic microbial food webs. Food webs, consisting of a uniform bacterial community and mixtures of six, four, two and zero bacterivorous flagellate species, drawn randomly from a pool of six flagellate species isolated from an Antarctic freshwater lake, were grown in soil extract suspension medium held in microcosms for 252 h. Half of the microcosms were kept at 4 °C and half were warmed to 8 °C over the first 36 h and then held at this temperature.2. After 252 h there were significant interactive effects of flagellate species loss and warming on the abundance of bacterial prey and the concentration of ammonium in the medium: bacterial abundances were reduced by 75% and NH4-N concentrations were doubled in mixtures inoculated with six and four flagellate species, compared with those inoculated with two species, but only in warmed microcosms. This difference in response was apparently largely owing to the absence of Bodo saltans and Spumella putida, species with high grazing activities and growth rates, from most replicates of the warmed two species mixtures.3. Evidence for an apparent complementarity effect was also found, with B. saltans and Spongomonas uvella growing more rapidly at 4 °C in mixtures of six species than in those of four species.4. Data from a separate experiment, in which the flagellate species were grown in single-species culture under food-saturated conditions, confirmed that the logarithmic growth rates of B. saltans and S. putida were the highest of each of the six species at both 4 °C and 8 °C.5. We broadly conclude from our data that random species loss from food webs or communities is likely to alter their responses to environmental change, largely owing to interspecific differences in responses to change.last_img read more