Cocoa Processing Company (CPC.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Food sector has released it’s 2018 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Cocoa Processing Company (CPC.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Cocoa Processing Company (CPC.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Cocoa Processing Company (CPC.gh) 2018 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileCocoa Processing Company processes raw cocoa beans and manufacturers a range of cocoa products for the Ghana market and for international export. Products produced at The Chocolate Factory in the semi-finished range include cocoa liquor, butter, natural/alkalized cake or powder. These semi-finished products are used as ingredients to produce chocolate and other cocoa-based food products. Products manufactured at The Confectionary Factory are sold under the Golden Tree brand name and include chocolate bars, chocolate-coated peanuts, drinking chocolate powder, chocolate spread and natural cocoa powder. Cocoa Processing Company is the only manufacturing company in the world which processes premium Ghana cocoa beans without blending. The company was founded in 1965 and its headquarters are in Tema, Ghana. Cocoa Processing Company is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
“COPY” Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/48288/ardesco-teget Clipboard CopyAbout this officeTeget Architectural OfficeOfficeFollowProductsGlassStoneConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingBodrumResidentialHousingTurkeyPublished on February 03, 2010Cite: “Ardesco / TEGET” 03 Feb 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
Read the Philanthropy Journal Online’s story. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AOL to launch philanthropy portal this year Howard Lake | 1 June 1999 | News The Philanthropy Journal Online reports that Online Access Provider AOL plans to launch a “philanthropy portal” later this year in the US. The Philanthropy Journal Online reports that Online Access Provider AOL plans to launch a “philanthropy portal” later this year in the US. Todd Cohen reports that “The kind of full-service philanthropic portal that AOL envisions would be an online marketplace that wouldmake it easy for people to connect with nonprofits — and for nonprofits to find the resources they need to do their job of serving people.” Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 17 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 31 December 2004 | News By late night on 30 December, The Guardian reports that the UK public had donated £30 million by phone and Internet to the DEC’s Tsunami/Earthquake appeal, the most rapid response to any UK charity appeal to date.The amount donated will exceed even that figure, since many people will have given by post, or via the post office or banks and building societies. Indeed, the public have already donated considerable sums to individual charities involved in the relief effort: Oxfam and the British Red Cross have received £2.7 million and £3 million respectively in the first two and a half days of their appeals.Steven Morris at SocietyGuardian lists just some of the remarkable donations that have been made, and the attempts by some of the charities to handle the rush of donations being offered. “Oxfam’s call centre was so busy,” he writes, “that staff brought in relatives who were given 15 minutes’ training before beginning to answer calls, which were coming in at more than 400 every hour.” Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 14 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Save the Children has been handling over 2,000 calls a day from donors, and Muslim Aid told The Guardian that its phones and Web site had been busy all day yesterday handling donations. Public response to DEC appeal reaches £30 million
Members of many progressive organizations representing those struggling for the rights of women, the LGBTQ community and immigrant rights, as well as unions, faith-based groups and others from throughout Kansas, held a People’s State of the State noon rally on the steps of the state Capitol in Topeka on Jan. 14, just before the convening of the 2013 legislative session. The majority in this legislature are the most racist and right-wing in recent memory. Along with Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback, they are intent on implementing deep austerity, union-busting and other attacks on poor and working people. But those at the People’s Rally hoisted banners and signs from their respective organizations and chanted “Stand up, fight back.” They have no intention of stopping their resistance and are continuing to build solidarity and a fighting people’s movement.— Report and photo special to Workers WorldFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Dec. 23 — There is no doubt that political turmoil in the U.S. is contributing to growing panic in the stock market. The shutdown of the government over Trump’s demand that Congress allocate $5 billion to build a wall on the Mexican border is not only obscene politically but also impacts the whole economy.So does the growing hostility toward China, as seen in the Trump administration’s imposition of tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of Chinese goods, which started last April. China then imposed an equal amount of tariffs on U.S. goods, affecting particularly farmers in the U.S. who produce soybeans and pork. Prices for U.S. soybeans and pork have already dropped.But these shocks to the economy that have originated from the Trump administration’s political edicts are far from the whole story. There are many indications that the turmoil in the stock markets reflects much deeper trends in the capitalist economy.Stock markets and commodity pricesU.S. stocks have just ended their worst week since August 2011, sinking some 17 percent since their record highs. Beneath the ups and downs of the stock market, however, lurks growing evidence that the capitalist economy is overdue for a “correction” — a crash — of the type that occurred in 2008 or worse.The website tradingeconomics.com provides detailed charts on the current and projected prices of currencies, stocks, commodities and bonds. As can be imagined, they reflect the price declines that have occurred in many areas of the economy over the past few days — especially in the price of oil. But what about the longer-term perspective? Price projections for most commodities are generally nothing but educated guesses. The gyrations of the stock market — which is based on the anticipated direction of the economy — show how mercurial such guesses may be. However, there is an indicator based on something more substantial — the Baltic Dry Index. The price of shares in the BDI is based on the volume of goods to be shipped over the coming year. This is a benchmark for where the global economy is headed.“Because dry bulk primarily consists of materials that function as raw material inputs to the production of intermediate or finished goods, such as concrete, electricity, steel, and food, the index is also seen as an efficient economic indicator of future economic growth and production. The BDI is considered by some people as a leading economic indicator because it predicts future economic activity.” (tradingeconomics.com) Shares in the BDI fell 3 percent on Friday, Dec. 21. They are expected to decline every quarter over the next year, from the current $1,279 a share down to $939 by the third quarter of 2019. This anticipated decline in global shipping is a much more reliable indicator of where the economy is headed than the price of other stocks.Prices of basic commodities fallAt the same time, the prices of basic commodities like oil have also plummeted. Oil is particularly sensitive to the overall demands of economic activity, since it fuels both commercial and individual needs.When the U.S. administration unilaterally imposed sanctions on Iran, oil producers in the U.S. were delighted. Steve Austin of oil-price.net wrote in August that “the loss of 2.7 million barrels a day from Iran is a gaping hole for global oil supplies.” He predicted the price of oil would soar to $150 a barrel.More recently, other analysts predicted that Brent crude oil, which sold for $85 a barrel in October, could go as high as $100. They all must be biting their fingers now. Brent crude is selling for $54 a barrel! The WTI, another index of oil prices, has fallen from $75 a barrel to just above $45. In addition, China is expected to buy little or no crude oil from the U.S. in 2019, citing “policy uncertainty” in its relations with Washington. The U.S. already maintains a record deficit of $43 billion in its trade with China, which is now expected to grow even larger.Low oil prices can kill the U.S. fracking business. Fracked oil, in which rock is fractured by pressurized liquid, costs almost $50 a barrel to produce, making it unprofitable at today’s prices. This could be good news for environmentalists and Indigenous people, as fracking is also the most environmentally destructive method of oil extraction. The big struggle over the Dakota Access Pipeline two years ago involved oil to be piped east from the fracking fields of North Dakota. Hundreds of protesters, invited by Indigenous nations to come and protect their threatened water sources, were arrested and scores injured when the federal government sent in the National Guard and local police to brutally suppress the protesters and destroy their encampment. This military operation started during the Obama administration and was continued by the Trump gang.Also, auto sales in the U.S. in the coming year are expected to fall short of 17 million for the first time in four years. All these figures and projections point to tougher times ahead for workers and small businesses in the U.S.Capitalist crises and overproductionWhat is a capitalist economic crisis? Where does it come from? Can palliative measures prevent these periodic collapses from happening?Such questions have been debated for generations. Liberal bourgeois analysts, often called “Keynesians” after the British economist John Maynard Keynes, insist that government policy can prevent such crises. Their view, called the “underconsumption theory,” holds that when workers are not paid enough to buy back the products they produce, a crisis follows. They argue for higher wages and benefits as a way to avoid these periodic collapses of the system.This sounds like a pro-worker point of view, but in fact it conceals a pro-capitalist point of view, since it argues that capitalism can be tamed and reformed.Karl Marx and his collaborators rejected this view. Marx showed that the crises of capitalism are built into the system. They do not come from underconsumption but overproduction, and they will reassert themselves as long as capitalism exists.Marx argued that underconsumption existed in previous class societies. Under both slavery and feudalism, the masses lived in dire poverty while the rich lived in opulence. The masses never earned enough to buy all that they produced and needed. Yet these two earlier forms of class oppression, brutal though they were, did not produce recurring crises of production. Crises of overproduction are a uniquely capitalist feature. So what is overproduction? Is it just producing more than what people need? Not at all. And while it does mean producing more than what the public can buy, it also means much more than that.The capitalist system is driven by the need of the owners of capital to capture more of the market and thus expand their ability to produce. “Expand or die” lies at the heart of this system. The capitalists must enhance their profits, not only to have a richer lifestyle for themselves, but in order to plow back into their businesses the means to expand production and thereby push out their rivals. It is this competition for the market that continually drives expansion to the point of overproduction. The capitalists who can expand their field of exploitation survive; those who cannot must die.All capitalists must try to do it. While they may appear to be a billionaires’ club, they are actually a pack of wolves who are at each other’s throats even as they collude in pushing down the workers.The Great Depression of the 1930s was the result of worldwide capitalist overproduction. It led to the collapse of stock markets in all the developed capitalist countries. That then meant the collapse of literally millions of companies, corporations and banks, which in turn laid off workers, producing mass unemployment and suffering. Prices also dropped, but without an income, who could enjoy the lower prices?It should be noted that, of all the larger countries in the world, only the Soviet Union, which had overthrown capitalism, escaped the mayhem of the Depression. With its state-owned planned economy, the USSR’s industrial development actually speeded up in the 1930s.What ended that general collapse of capitalism? World War II. The most destructive war the world has ever seen. And with it came the obliteration of much of the older means of production, opening space for a new round of capitalist development — at the cost of hundreds of millions of lives.The coming struggleWhether it comes sooner or later, another capitalist crisis is inevitable. The pain and suffering it will cause the working class — especially the already most oppressed sectors — are bound to open up many new struggles and add impetus to existing progressive movements. The capitalist political establishment — particularly the Democratic Party — will try to capture and limit these movements, arguing that reforms can solve the problem.Of course workers need to fight for major reforms. They need higher wages and guaranteed incomes now, not some time in the future. They need affordable health care and functioning schools. The racist offensive that threatens the very lives of people of color must be ended. Immigrants need to find a safe home. Women and LGBTQ2S people need to overcome misogyny, male domination and sexual violence. But all these struggles for reform will not get rid of the basic problem.For that, these popular movements can and must become part of the struggle to end capitalism, which instigates and spreads every type of discrimination and oppression. It is only the social revolution to end capitalism that can eradicate economic crises and, in doing so, redirect our energies to meeting the needs of humanity and the planet.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Make a comment Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Portantino Requests State Audit on Formula Used For Regional Housing Need Allocation STAFF REPORT Published on Wednesday, May 5, 2021 | 2:50 pm Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Top of the News More Cool Stuff Earlier this month, Sen. Anthony Portantino (D–Pasadena) joined several other state senators in submitting a formal request to the Joint Legislative Audit Committee to approve and authorize an audit to examine the Department of Housing and Community Development’s (HCD) regional housing needs determination process.“We’re facing an unprecedented housing crisis and transparency is critical to determining regional housing needs,” Portantino said. “I join my colleagues in requesting a state audit in order to determine how our housing needs are being calculated and if they are being assessed appropriately. Several cities in the 25th Senate District have expressed concerns over regional housing allocations, and I hope this audit will help address those concerns.”Currently, HCD is responsible for determining the regional housing needs assessment (RHNA) for each region’s planning body.Last year, RHNA mandated Pasadena ensure the building of 9,408 units of new housing by October 2029, including 2,740 units of very low-income housing, 1,659 of low-income housing, 1,562 moderate-income housing, and 3,447 units of above-moderate income housing.City and elected officials have called the task “impossible.”“Like other cities in the region, Pasadena has housing challenges that we are actively working to address,” said Mayor Victor Gordo. “A review of the RHNA allocations set forth by HCD is desperately needed in order to ensure cities like ours, that are doing their part to address housing needs, are not treated unfairly. Moreover, because the current RHNA allocations are unrealistic, achieving them will be impossible. This approach helps no one. Let’s work on realistic goals and work together to achieve them.”The city unsuccessfully attempted to appeal the allocation.The audit’s scope will assess the state Department of Finance’s process for developing population projections used by HCD and determine what changes the department made to its projections in response to economic and demographic changes caused by the pandemic as well as new census information.The audit will also evaluate the historical accuracy of the finance department’s population projections and HCD’s process for developing regional housing needs determinations to verify that it complies with state law and results in appropriate calculations.HCD uses a formula to calculate the needs for each region, starting with demographic population information from the Department of Finance. This figure is negotiated with each council of governments to arrive at a final assessment.This process does not allow the public to receive any information on the formula that HCD uses to calculate these initial numbers, which creates confusion and mistrust among the regional planning bodies and cities, according to Portantino.“An audit by the California State Auditor will provide independently developed and verified information related to the Department of Finance, and the Department of Housing and Community Development’s role in calculating housing needs, the regional governments’ roles in allocating housing needs, and local jurisdictions’ roles in accommodating housing needs to facilitate development,” Portantino said in the statement. Community News Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Subscribe 19 recommended1 commentShareShareTweetSharePin it HerbeautyYou’ll Want To Get Married Twice Or Even More Just To Put Them OnHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty12 Most Breathtaking Trends In Fashion HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Of The Most Notorious Female Spies In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Tips To Rejuvenate Winter Dry, Chapped LipsHerbeautyHerbeauty faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Business News
Advertisement Tickets from 7pm this evening are €194.50 or €154.50 if you can prove you’ve been to 3 or more Picnics ALWAYS eagerly anticipated, The Electric Picnic 2014 lineup was announced today. Happening over the weekend of Friday August 29 to Sunday August 31, this year’s festival has a healthy mix of classic acts and cutting edge sounds. From Chic and Simple Minds to London Grammar and FKA Twigs.The line-up so far …..Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up PORTISHEAD, OUTKAST, BECK, FOALS,PET SHOP BOYS, PAOLO NUTINI, CHIC Featuring NILE RODGERS,LILY ALLEN, ST. VINCENT, SIMPLE MINDS, LONDON GRAMMAR,METRONOMY, SLOWDIVE, LAURA MVULA, ANNIE MAC,FLUME, THE STRANGLERS, STEPHEN MALKMUS & THE JICKSTHE BLADES, THE WAILERS, OMAR SOULEYMANWHITE DENIM, TEMPLES, SOHN, JUNGLE, FKA TWIGS, BICEP,KAYTRANADA, JOHN WIZARDS Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleKamal joins team Special Olympics for Great Limerick RunNext articleBail denied over shot gun allegations Eric Fitzgeraldhttp://www.limerickpost.ieEric writes for the Entertainment Pages of Limerick Post Newspaper and edits the music blog www.musiclimerick.com where you can watch and listen to music happening in the city and beyond. LifestyleEntertainmentMusicNews#video Electric Picnic 2014By Eric Fitzgerald – March 19, 2014 813 Email Linkedin Print Facebook
Solar UV-B radiation, associated with ozone depletion, inhibits the Antarctic terrestrial microalga, Stichococcus bacillaris
This study shows that increased UV-B arising from stratospheric ozone depletion over Antarctica reduced cell viability and the maximum quantum yield of photochemistry (F v/F m) in a unicellular terrestrial microalga, Stichococcus bacillaris. In the UV waveband, rates of F v/F m decline increased with decreasing wavelength. Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) also reduced F v/F m, though less than UV radiation. Further experiments under different ozone column thicknesses showed a significantly greater decline in cell viability and F v/F m under ozone depletion compared with non-depleted conditions. The inhibitory effects of ambient solar radiation suggest that S. bacillaris is unlikely to inhabit soil surfaces, but colonises shaded areas beneath soil surface particles. During periods of ozone depletion, increases in the ratio of UV-B:PAR may reduce the thickness of the sub-surface zone where light conditions are suitable for colonisation by this alga.