Explore further Mini robots to undertake major tasks? This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. “I look upon them more like a manufacturing way for future robots,” Erik Edqvist of Uppsala University in Sweden told PhysOrg.com. “There are cool experiments going on with flying insects, swimming robots and so on. But it is time for the miniaturized robots to leave the research laboratories and find useful applications. That is where this work fits in. It is an attempt (with a somewhat small budget) to try to build robots in a mass-fabricated way.”As this was the first test of this fabrication technique, the researchers noted that they encountered some fabrication problems. The single largest problem was to connect the naked integrated circuit to the flexible printed circuit board by the conductive adhesive. Also, some solar cells did not stick due to weak adhesion. At this stage in the production process, the robots were folded manually, but the researchers hope to design a tool to enable a faster and more accurate alignment when folding. Many of these complications could likely be corrected, with the important result being that the microrobots can be assembled using a surface mounting machine, whereas prior robots have usually been manually assembled with a soldering iron. Images of the robots showing their size proportional to various objects. Image credit: Edqvist, et al. In the future, the researchers hope to move from building academic prototypes to manufacturing the robot on a commercial basis, which is necessary for overcoming some of the technical issues. By mass-producing swarms of robots, the loss of some robotic units will be negligible in terms of cost, functionality, and time, yet still achieve a high level of performance. Currently, the researchers hope to find funding to reach these goals.“Right now the robots need a new ASIC [application-specific integrated circuit] and some other redesigns to be able to work properly,” Edqvist said. More information: Erik Edqvist, et al. “Evaluation of building technology for mass producible millimeter-sized robots using flexible printed circuit boards.” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19 (2009) 075011 (11pp).Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. (PhysOrg.com) — Tiny robots the size of a flea could one day be mass-produced, churned out in swarms and programmed for a variety of applications, such as surveillance, micromanufacturing, medicine, cleaning, and more. In an effort to reach this goal, a recent study has demonstrated the initial tests for fabricating microrobots on a large scale. Citation: Researchers Hope to Mass-Produce Tiny Robots (2009, August 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-08-mass-produce-tiny-robots.html An illustration of the I-SWARM robot: (1) solar cell, (2) IR-communication module, (3) an ASIC, (4) capacitors, (5) locomotion module. Image credit: Edqvist, et al. The researchers, from institutes in Sweden, Spain, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland, explain that their building approach marks a new paradigm of robot development in microrobotics. The technique involves integrating an entire robot – with communication, locomotion, energy storage, and electronics – in different modules on a single circuit board. In the past, the single-chip robot concept has presented significant limitations in design and manufacturing. However, instead of using solder to mount electrical components on a printed circuit board as in the conventional method, the researchers use conductive adhesive to attach the components to a double-sided flexible printed circuit board using surface mount technology. The circuit board is then folded to create a three-dimensional robot. The resulting robots are very small, with their length, width, and height each measuring less than 4 mm. The robots are powered by a solar cell on top, and move by three vibrating legs. A fourth vibrating leg is used as a touch sensor. As the researchers explain, a single microrobot by itself is a physically simple individual. But many robots communicating with each other using infrared sensors and interacting with their environment can form a group that is capable of establishing swarm intelligence to generate more complex behavior. The framework for this project, called I-SWARM (intelligent small-world autonomous robots for micro-manipulation) is inspired by the behavior of biological insects.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The food printer is at the concept design stage, and would work by storing and refrigerating ingredients and then mixing them, cooking layers of the mixture and printing them onto a serving tray. The concept design was introduced by two graduate students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Fluid Interfaces Group Media Lab: designer/engineer in algorithmic image process development Amit Zoran, and designer and research assistant Marcelo Coelho.The food printing process begins with selecting the required food canisters in which ingredients are stored and kept refrigerated. Ingredients are then fed into a mixing chamber and the mixture is extruded and deposited in layers of various and complex combinations of ingredients. During deposition of the layers onto the serving tray the ingredients are either cooked or cooled in the chamber or by heating/cooling tubes attached to the printing head. Citation: Introducing Cornucopia, the food printer (2010, July 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-07-cornucopia-food-printer.html 3D printers already exist (see, for example, PhysOrg’s article on 3D printers for moon bases and the affordable desk top 3D printer). The printers are becoming more common and are already being used in applications such as creating three-dimensional prototypes or models.The researchers hope their concept will “provide a glimpse at the new aesthetic and cultural possibilities, which can be brought forth by a new, digital gastronomy.” More information: Cornucopia: web.media.mit.edu/~marcelo/cornucopia/ Explore further The researchers say the printing process brings cooking technologies into the digital age and allows entirely novel textures and flavors to be created that would otherwise be unimaginable and which are unobtainable through traditional cooking techniques. They say users would be able to control the nutritional value, quality and flavors in each meal through a touch-screen interface and Internet connectivity, which would allow them to manipulate parameters such as carbohydrate or fat content and calories. The design also allows for the food printer to be able to automatically order new ingredients and suggest an alternative ingredient if one runs out. © 2010 PhysOrg.com New Affordable Desk-Top 3-D Printer (PhysOrg.com) — US scientists have introduced a concept design of the “Cornucopia” or Digital Fabricator, a “personal food factory” able to print food from specified ingredients, with no waste at the point of cooking.
Credit: Credit: Javier Ortega-Hernández / Biology Letters More information: Humble origins for a successful strategy: complete enrolment in early Cambrian olenellid trilobites, Published 25 September 2013. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2013.0679AbstractTrilobites are typified by the behavioural and morphological ability to enrol their bodies, most probably as a defence mechanism against adverse environmental conditions or predators. Although most trilobites could enrol at least partially, there is uncertainty about whether olenellids—among the most phylogenetically and stratigraphically basal representatives—could perform this behaviour because of their poorly caudalized trunk and scarcity of coaptative devices. Here, we report complete—but not encapsulating—enrolment for the olenellid genus Mummaspis from the early Cambrian Mural Formation in Alberta, the earliest direct evidence of this strategy in the fossil record of polymerid trilobites. Complete enrolment in olenellids was achieved through a combination of ancestral morphological features, and thus provides new information on the character polarity associated with this key trilobite adaptation.Press release Trilobites were simple organisms that came into existence approximately half a billion years ago. They evolved over another 250 million years before eventually going extinct. During their time on Earth, they left behind many fossils which scientists have been studying for years. One facet of their development that has fascinated researchers is that the more recent versions of the organism were found to curl themselves into a ball to protect themselves from bad weather or predators—much like modern pill bugs. Early trilobite fossils showed no such ability. Now however, it appears that even the very earliest trilobites were able to curl up to protect themselves, but their mechanism was far less robust.When modern pill bugs, and later trilobites curl up, their anatomy allows for them to remain curled up without effort. That’s why their bodies remain curled up even after the organism has died. This does not appear to be the case for earlier trilobites, however, which had to use their muscles to keep curled. This is why, the researchers explain, examples of curling up by early trilobites had never been found before.The trilobite analyzed in the study was found in Jasper National Park in Canada. Prior research had dated it to the Cambrian Period—the time during which life all over the planet was greatly diversifying—in this case, to approximately 513 million years ago. The specimen was part of a larger group, but it stood out as it was folded over with its tail spines in front of its head. Their interest aroused, the researchers looked closer and after much study concluded that the trilobite had not simply been squashed into its position, but had folded itself over intentionally, likely, like its later ancestors, to protect itself. © 2013 Phys.org The discovery creates a link between more modern easy-folding trilobites and their early ancestral behavior, providing scientists with an excellent example of evolution in action. The exoskeleton had terrace-like ridges that facilitated a primitive type of enrolment in these early trilobites. Journal information: Biology Letters Explore further Fossils record ancient migrations and trilobite orgies (Phys.org) —A trio of researchers—two from Cambridge University and one from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has found evidence that suggests that the earliest trilobites were able to roll up their bodies for protection, much as their later ancestors did. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the team describes their examination of a fossil found in Alberta Canada, and how they ruled out other causes for its rolled up position. Citation: New evidence suggests earliest trilobites were able to partially roll up their bodies (2013, September 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-09-evidence-earliest-trilobites-partially-bodies.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The physicists, Ue-Li Pen at the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics in Toronto, and Neil Turok at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, have published a paper on the shocks in the early universe and their aftermath in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.As the scientists explain, the most widely supported model of the early universe is one with a radiation-dominated background that is almost perfectly homogeneous, except for some tiny waves, or perturbations, in the radiation. In the new study, Pen and Turok have theoretically shown that some of these early, tiny perturbations, which are small-amplitude waves, would have spiked to form large-amplitude waves, or shocks. These shocks would have formed only at very high temperatures, like those that occur immediately after the big bang.The physicists also showed that, when two or more shocks collide with each other, they generate gravitational waves. The results suggest that both colliding shocks and merging black holes—like those detected earlier this year by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) experiment—contribute to the gravitational wave background. Some researchers have previously speculated that the mergining black holes may have formed from the same perturbations that created the shocks and, further, that black holes of this size may make up the dark matter in our galaxy.However, it would be possible to distinguish between merging black holes and colliding shocks because the gravitational waves emitted by shocks would be detected at far lower frequencies today since the wavelength would have been stretched by the expansion of the universe. Today the gravitational waves from shocks would have frequencies of 3 nHz, as opposed to the 100 Hz regime in which the LIGO experiment currently operates. Based on their analysis, the scientists think that both current and future planned gravitational wave detectors will be able to detect the frequencies of gravitational waves emitted by shocks. These frequencies correspond to emission times of around 10-4 to 10-30 seconds after the big bang. Another interesting consequence of shocks in the early universe is that their interactions would have caused the surrounding radiation fluid to rotate, generating vorticity. This means that shocks in the early universe would have generated entropy in an otherwise perfect radiation fluid, in which normally the entropy cannot increase. The possibility that shocks in the early universe could have generated gravitational waves, vorticity, and entropy could help scientists solve some of the more perplexing puzzles of the early universe, such as why the universe has more matter than antimatter (the baryogenesis problem), as well as the origins of the magnetic fields that are observed in many astrophysical objects. (Phys.org)—Physicists have discovered a surprising consequence of a widely supported model of the early universe: according to the model, tiny cosmological perturbations produced shocks in the radiation fluid just a fraction of a second after the big bang. These shocks would have collided with each other to generate gravitational waves that are large enough to be detected by today’s gravitational wave detectors. Citation: Shocks in the early universe could be detectable today (2016, October 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-10-early-universe-today.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: Ue-Li Pen and Neil Turok. “Shocks in the Early Universe.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.131301Also at arXiv:1510.02985 [astro-ph.CO] Did the LIGO gravitational waves originate from primordial black holes? Simulation showing cosmological initial conditions (left) evolving into shocks (right). Credit: Pen and Turok. ©2016 American Physical Society Explore further © 2016 Phys.org
Travelista, India’s first travel film, photography and shopping festival returns for the second time this October. Dilli Haat will transform yet again into a travel and culture connoisseurs heaven. A host of activities ranging from travel film and photography screenings will be part of the festival along with over 55 stalls of apparel, jewellery, home décor, accessories, kitsch, pop art and vintage on display. Nomadic film screenings under the moon lit sky, funky rickshaws, roadside carts selling your favourite cutting chai and popcorn and colourful art installations will be some of the many amazing attractions of the Travelista festival. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Travelista aims to establish a platform for formally trained artists, upcoming women designers and entrepreneurs to showcase their talent – over 50 upcoming women entrepreneurs and designers have been represented at Travelista so far.23-year-old young entrepreneur Akshuna Bakshi organised the first edition of the festival by herself in February at Dilli Haat INA. Previously, she has organised a travel film and photography festival in 2012 in London and shot travelogues for UK based travel organizations. While the London festival focused exclusively on films, Akshuna decided to carry her dream forward back home at a bigger scale and took her proposal to Delhi tourism authorities at Dilli Haat. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFor this edition, India’s leading backpacking company, indianbackpacker.com’s Akshay Chhugani has joined hands with Travelista. The festival promises to be an absolute delight for travel junkies, culture vultures, art and shopping lovers! Travelista is also the first festival in India to give a platform to budding travel filmmakers and photographers and showcases their video postcards, travel documentaries and travel shots to the general audience. The festival will have a notable jury from Lonely Planet, BBC and Travel Channel to pick from over 200 travel films and 3000 travel photographs. The films at the festival are fun, adventurous, colourful and path breaking. While some films explore the untraveled alleys of Middle East and breath-taking sceneries of Europe, others reveal the dangerous trade of diamond mining and poaching in Africa. The festival aims to entertain, educate and surprise the audience through its films & photographs. It even hopes to break the pre-conceived stereotypes people often carry about a destination or culture. A special festival attraction will be the ‘Travel Wall of Fame’ that will showcase photographs of people posing in various destinations round the world. Anyone who is a traveler at heart can send in their pictures of their voyages to the festival team and adorn the wall of fame.WHERE: Dilli Haat, INAWHEN: 11 to13 October, 11 am to 10 pm
The Hungarian Information and Cultural Centre organised an International artworks exhibition Spirit and Matter- Three Artists- Three Generation by Ilona Lovas, Anna Makovecz and Villo Turcsány from Hungary, curated by Katalin Keserü organised by Anna Bagyó and Cocos Nuciferas by MD Deleep Franco Swiss from France-Switzerland.The opened on January 27 at the lawns and gallery of the HICC, followed by a short performance by János Palojtay (piano) and Dávid Simon (flute). Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The two exhibitions were inaugurated by Szilveszter Bus, Ambassador of Hungary, in the presence of François Richier, Ambassador of France. The exhibitions will be closed by the Dipali Khanna, Member Secretary, IGNCA, in the presence of curator, Katalin Keserü and artiste, Villo Turcsány from Hungary followed by Mohiniyattam performance by Hungarian dancer, Brigitta Hegedus at the HICC on February 26. The exhibition will be on view till February 28. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSpirit and Matter- Three Artists- Three Generation is an exhibition-cum-performance, curated by art historian, writer and curator Katalin Keserü, organised by art consultant Anna Bagyó, with the participation of three Hungarian woman artists: Ilona Lovas, Anna Makovecz and Villo Turcsány. The three artises, representing three different generations, coexist well with each other. Their works examine the metamorphosis of matter, body and spirit. These evergreen topics of art are translated into the language of contemporary mediums and will be presented as installations, photos and videos. Cocos Nuciferas features spiritual insights with various imageries of Coconut and Rangolis. The artworks by MD Deleep (a Franco-Swiss artist) are an attempt to translate and share spiritual and ethnic emotions, sensations through these intermediaries. Thus, it is important that there exists barely any distance between the viewer and the work. With such participation, there is enough scope for the individuals to enter the specific work-scope and create new relationships between creation, creator and spectator. The artiste’s aim is to work in interaction with the public, resulting in a timeless piece, which everyone can interpret in his/ her own way.
Kolkata: Notable Bengali comedian actor Chinmoy Roy has been admitted to the brought to the Emergency ward in Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences (RTIICS) with multiple injuries to his head, arms and legs. It was learnt that he fell from the 5th floor of a building, circumstances of which are under investigation by the concerned authorities. Though he is conscious and alert, he is being treated for other critical injuries, a spokesperson of the RTIICS said.
Kolkata: Calcutta Medical College and Hospital (CMCH) Principal Uchhal Bhadra fell ill after he was heckled by some MBBS students, who continue to protest for the past eight days at the hospital premises, demanding a new hostel accommodation.It is alleged that it was a politically motivated incident, where the Principal was targeted with mala-fide intentions.It happened after a scuffle broke out during the agitation inside the hospital on Tuesday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Principal was immediately taken to the Cardiology department of the hospital for treatment. He was, however, shifted to SSKM Hospital in an ambulance.A section of doctors in the hospital said that agitating students tried to put block the ambulance from going away. They called it an unfortunate incident.Earlier in the day, the Principal of CMCH held a press conference regarding the ongoing students’ agitation.He said the CMCH authorities have agreed to meet the demands. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe agitating students were assured that they would be given a new hostel accommodation, whereas in some of the cases, the condition of some hostel rooms would be improved. Around 276 hostel rooms have also been allotted by the CMCH authorities.But the agitating students refused to listen to the authorities and demanded rooms in the new hostel building.They gheraoed the Principal when he was coming out of the press conference. The incident triggered tension on the medical college campus on Tuesday. It was learnt that Bhadra, who has blood pressure, felt chest pain following the incident.After primary treatment in CMCH, the Principal was taken to SSKM Hospital, where he is currently undergoing treatment in the ITU. Several tests were performed on him.The agitating students, however, threatened to submit a memorandum to the Governor placing their demands.The second, third and fourth year MBBS students of CMCH started a protest agitation inside the hospital campus, nearly seven days ago, demanding a new hostel for them.The move was taken after the first year MBBS students were given a new hostel by the CMCH authorities.The students taking part in the agitation alleged that the hostel meant for them is not in a good condition.
Kolkata: A 45-year-old woman from Deganga in North 24-Parganas died of an unknown fever at a private hospital in Barasat on late Monday night.The victim, Dipika Pal, a teacher at a local school had been suffering from fever for the past one week. The family members of the victim claimed that she died of dengue shock syndrome. The state Health department is yet to confirm if it was a case of dengue. The victim had complained of high fever from August 15. Her family members took her to a local doctor on the next day. She was under the medication of the doctor till last Sunday after which her condition started deteriorating. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifePal was taken to a private hospital in Barasat on last Sunday evening. Her condition turned critical on Monday afternoon. She was kept on ventilation for a while. Despite several efforts, the doctors could not save the patient and she passed away on late Monday night. The victim’s family members claimed that she might have caught the disease from her locality as there was no proper surveillance to check the spread of disease. They said local civic bodies must be proactive enough to check the spread of dengue in the area. The family members said the hospital authorities had told them that their patient had died of dengue. But Health department has not confirmed this to be a case of dengue.
As much as the cool weather soothes your soul after a rough summer, the monsoon is not everyone’s favourite time of the year. Hence, make-up has to be done differently during this season keeping in mind the high level of humidity while you are on the go.Experts say how:* Use minimal foundation on your skin and make sure the focus of your look is on your eyes and lips.* Use a gel liner as it can be easily blended onto your skin for different looks like a definite wing.* Top it up with some bold waterproof mascara and watch your eyes come alive regardless of how dull the skies are.* Matte lipsticks are great, especially long wearing ones, as they reduce touch-up worries. Go for a matte lipstick that keeps your lips moisturised, as they are made to glide on tenderly but with full impact on your lips.* Experiment with the trend – applying lighter colours on the middle of the mouth and blending it out into a deeper colour for a beautiful dimension. It will be matte, but not flat.
The woman weeping at the 1964 premiere of Mary Poppins? None other than the classic children’s book author P.L. Travers. But these were not tears of joy or gratitude. Travers hated the movie. The Disney adaptation’s success at the box office was a blessing and a curse, saving her from bankruptcy but robbing Mary Poppins of the subversive edge Travers had so carefully crafted. She never forgave Walt Disney. As recounted in the 2013 film Saving Mr. Banks, starring genial Tom Hanks as Walt Disney and a glorious tight-curled Emma Thompson as P. L. Travers, both were strong-willed and affected by difficult childhoods, but in starkly different ways. He became a relentlessly hopeful optimist; she hewed to a more darkly pragmatic realism.Papa Walt became familiar with Mary Poppins the way many fathers did—through his daughter’s enthusiasm. He grandly and perhaps unwisely assured his child he’d make a film of her favorite bed-time story, never dreaming someone would disagree with his intentions. He had not yet met P. L. Travers.P L TraversIn fact, it took Disney nearly 20 years to secure the rights, and she finally agreed only because she was on the brink of bankruptcy. Disney paid her $100,000 and 5 percent of gross earnings, and agreed to a live-action film and script approval—this last a decision Disney would regret.Since she wrote about a nanny bringing a family back together, Disney probably assumed Travers shared his same conventional, traditional nuclear-family leanings.But P. L. Travers was a self-styled iconoclast. She was born Helen Lyndon Goff in Australia in 1899, the eldest of three. Her father, an Irish farmer and banker prone to excessive drinking, died when she was 7. Her mother seemed ill-equipped to cope, at one point leaving the children in the care of Helen, telling them she was going to a creek to drown. Helen made up stories to soothe her terrified siblings, planting the early seeds of future Mary Poppins books. Their mother came back, but the threats understandably scarred her eldest daughter. They moved in with Helen’s kind but brusque great-aunt, who inspired the famous nanny, saying, “Spit spot, into bed.”In her teen years, Helen began writing for newspapers and magazines and acting in a traveling Shakespeare troupe, taking her father’s name for her stage name of P. L. (or Pamela Lyndon) Travers.In her early 20s, Pamela Travers decided to strike out for greater cultural stakes in London. She became the rare female reporter on Fleet Street. Her submissions to an Irish poetry journal won her an audience with its editor, the poet known as A. E., who in turn introduced her to W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot, and another like-minded young single woman named Madge Burnand, whom Travers moved in with, in 1931. One winter, Travers fell ill, and bored in bed while recovering, she began to write her most famous stories.Travers tapped into a rosy revisit of her childhood—the aptly named Mr. Banks is a banker (though not a drunk), the mother is flighty (but not suicidal), and Mary Poppins, like Travers’s great-aunt, is the Banks children’s caring if unsentimental ballad, “tart and sharp.” Ever controlling, Travers chose her own illustrator, typeface, and dust jacket. Published in 1934, Mary Poppins was an immediate critical and commercial success.The old Animation Building at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. Author: Coolcaesar CC BY-SA 4.0By 1961, the Disney team had sketched the broad outlines of the Mary Poppins film and sent drafts to Travers, who responded with her own screen adaptations. Perhaps sensing her resistance, Disney invited Travers to California, where he intended to dazzle her with a private tour of Disneyland, a glamorous hotel suite, and a limo to usher her to screenings.Travers remained unimpressed. And so Disney ran off to Palm Springs, leaving her to the scriptwriter and songwriters so they could persuade her to sign off. Astonishingly, at Travers’s insistence, these meetings were recorded and exist to this day. (At the end of Saving Mr. Banks, you can hear the real Travers barking, “No, no, no, no!”)“She didn’t care about our feelings, how she chopped us apart,” songwriter Richard Sherman told the New York Times in 2013, shuddering at the memory. The songwriter was caught between a rock and a hard place, as Disney would brook no negativity. “He’d kill you if you said you didn’t like something,” Sherman said. “He’d say, ‘If you can’t think of something to improve it, then keep your mouth shut.’ ”But Travers never stopped criticizing Disney’s production, sending multi-page memos that the fed-up filmmaker ignored. She didn’t like Dick Van Dyke (she had wanted Laurence Olivier); she thought Julie Andrews was too pretty, sweet, and saccharine. She hated the music. She was so disenchanted with the whole experience that when she was approached about a stage adaptation in the 1990s she stipulated that no Americans work on the project.Publicity photo of Walt Disney from the Boy Scouts of America. Disney was given an award by them in 1946.Disney didn’t invite Travers to the movie’s premiere; Travers had to wangle an invitation out of an assistant. She wept in frustration, and cornered Disney after the screening to inform him she had many changes, starting with the dreadful animation scene. To which Disney replied, “Pamela, that ship has sailed.”Mary Poppins was Disney’s greatest live-action success. It won five Oscars in 1965, including a Best Actress for Julie Andrews, Best Music, and Best Song for “Chim Chim Cher-ee.”Related story from us: When the Swedish author of “Pippi Longstocking” had to pay 102% in taxes, she fought the injustice with her best weapon: her writingWalt Disney died in 1966. P. L. Travers lived in England to the age of 96, granting interviews during which she would answer no questions, intractable to the end.
Legendary screen siren Jessica Rabbit left a strong impression on movie history. Seductive and impossibly-proportioned, she was also two-dimensional. And that’s not an insult. Because Jessica was a hand-drawn animated character, created for the 1988 hit Who Framed Roger Rabbit. The inspiration for Jessica, on the other hand, was all too real. Vikki Dougan (born Edith Tooker in 1929) never set Hollywood alight as an actress, but as a model and “It Girl” she was always talked about. In fact, some draw comparisons between her and the Kardashian-fueled celeb culture which exists today.Bob Hoskins is seduced by Jessica Rabbit in a scene from the film ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit,’ 1988. Photo by Buena Vista/Getty ImagesAs discussed in an article for Jezebel.com, “For all those cultural snobs bemoaning a trend of untalented people like the Kardashians or Courtney Stodden or The Situation being famous for nothing, Dougan’s story offers some helpful historical perspective.”Just as Jessica was the invention of male screenwriters, Dougan’s image was carefully-crafted in line with the male gaze. Tinseltown publicist Milton Weiss, who worked with stars such as Ava Gardner and Anita Ekberg, came up with an attention-grabbing sartorial move that cemented her into popular culture.Actors Lance Fuller & Vikki Dougan – publicity still.During the 1950s he adorned her in a series of backless dresses, some of which plunged so low you could see her buttock cleft.Weiss sent Dougan to all the happening spots, where her presence naturally drew great attention. Photographer Ralph Crane immortalized her comings and, most strikingly, goings for Life Magazine.Model and actress Vikki Dougan wearing a low-cut back less gown while an elderly unidentified woman looks at her backside. Los Angeles 1957. Photograph by Ralph Crane/The LIFE Picture CollectionDougan’s public image was dubbed “The Back,” and Weiss intended her to be a contrast to the likes of Jayne Mansfield with their hourglass profiles. Sometimes the effect was a little too powerful.The Daily Mail mentions that the “plunging designs got plenty of media coverage for the starlet, especially after she was thrown out of a preview party for attracting too much attention.”American actress and pin-up model Vikki Dougan sits on a diving board above a swimming pool, dressed in a backless bathing suit, Los Angeles, California, 1957. Photo by Ralph Crane/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty ImagesShe dated Frank Sinatra, among other notable figures, and offered an opinion on the dating scene in a 1958 gossip column: “The men you go with want to get married… The trouble is, they never say when.” Dougan had two marriages, in the 1940s and the ’60s.Frank Sinatra in 1955.Veronica Lake got the credit when Jessica Rabbit burst onto the scene for Who Framed Roger Rabbit, though Dougan’s backless appearances were arguably the key visual aid for director Robert Zemeckis and his team.A distinctive and influential blend of live action and animation, the ambitious project delighted family audiences. That said, the movie wasn’t without its share of controversy. Risqué frames were added to the fun, which along with other adult references gave Roger’s antics a salacious dimension.Robert Zemeckis. Photo by Dick Thomas Johnson CC BY 2.0Jessica Rabbit’s scenes had an impact on many a young boy’s outlook, in addition to causing arousal and probably a fair amount of confusion in the minds of their fathers.Her infamous line of dialogue has a life of its own. Referred to on the website Messy Nessy Chic, the parallels between it and Dougan are plain: “Much like Vikki, whose image was ‘created’ for her by a Hollywood publicist, Jessica Rabbit’s most memorable quote in the 1988 film hints at their connection: ‘I’m not bad, I’m just drawn that way.’”Even all these years later Zemeckis is interested in drawing Jessica again, in order to bring her and her hopping husband back for a sequel. Various logistical problems have gotten in the way however, not least of which the death of star Bob Hoskins in 2014.In an interview for The Telegraph, the director revealed that “The current corporate Disney culture… has no interest in Roger, and they certainly don’t like Jessica at all.” This certainly ties in with the arguably more wholesome approach taken by the House of Mouse to its multitude of billion dollar properties.Read another story from us:Nicholson, Beatty & Brando: The Bad Boys of Mulholland DriveAs for Dougan’s reaction to the Jessica Rabbit phenomenon, she was interviewed for Hollywood Exclusive in 2009. It transpired she’d never seen the movie.
Nothing says space travel quite like a clock counting down to blast off. Add a loud voice commentating on the action and the listener is transported to a scenario depicted in dozens of movies. Ironically that dramatic image of a rocket countdown actually comes from a motion picture. Specifically Frau im Mond, or Woman in the Moon, a silent film directed by the legendary Fritz Lang in 1929.The poster for ‘Woman in the Moon’ (1929), directed by Fritz LangIt was Lang, co-creator of sci-fi classic Metropolis, who impacted the real life world of science and engineering… though he had some help. Metropolis had been released two years earlier and the expensive production hadn’t received a rapturous reception. For his next project, Lang decided to leave the city and head toward the stars.A screenshot from the film ‘Metropolis’ (1927)Woman in the Moon was based on a novel by Thea von Harbou — Lang’s wife, who had also written Metropolis. A 2014 Guardian review of the movie version called it “Less ambitious and mystical” than its predecessor. However the thrill-packed story “combines an imaginative adventure yarn, a triangular love story and a conspiracy thriller.”Director Fritz Lang (on the right), on the set of his film ‘Frau im Mond’ (1929). Photo by Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-08538 / CC-BY-SA 3.0Entrepreneur Helius (played by Willy Fritsch) wants to take a rocket to the moon, believing he can find gold there. While this sounds far-fetched, it is in fact an idea suggested by Prof. Mannfeldt (Klaus Pohl).Helius’ assistant Friede (Gerda Maurus) joins the crew, which is just as well as the craft is named after her. She is described as “the modern liberated woman both men love”. The other man being Windegger, another assistant to Helius.Still from 1929 German movie ‘Frau im Mond’ (The Woman in the Moon). Investors examine a model of the spaceship Friede.A team of greedy businessmen blackmail Helius into taking their rep Turner (Fritz Rasp) aboard, leading to conflict and intrigue once the existence of lunar gold is revealed.With a running time of nearly three hours, there’s certainly room to pack a lot in. Many regard the finished product as a landmark in science fiction cinema. The reason for this lies in Lang’s attention to detail.Photo by Raboe001 CC BY 3.0Despite the far-fetched premise of treasure on the Moon, when it came to rocketry Woman in the Moon was surprisingly accurate. In fact it influenced aspects of space travel in various ways.Motherboard pointed out the movie’s innovative features in a 2017 article, saying it “was far ahead of its time and anticipated a number of developments in rocket science, including the countdown to launch sequence.”Intertitles took the place of sound in silent film, with Lang showing the numbers of the countdown getting bigger and bigger to really build the tension. Woman in the Moon also presents ahead-of-their-time ideas like “launching the rocket from a pool of water (launch pads are normally wet today to dissipate the heat), and the use of a multistage rocket to reach the moon.”Fritz Lang and Thea von Harbou in their Berlin flat, 1923 or 1924Aside from Lang and von Harbou the main trail-blazer behind the future-predicting endeavor was an Austro-Hungarian named Hermann Oberth, who worked as the film’s scientific advisor. A physicist and engineer, Oberth was inspired by Jules Verne. In 1923 he wrote Die Rakete zu den Palnetenräumen (By Rocket into Planetary Space).This pamphlet sought to shine a scientific light on the concept of journeying into the cosmos. Space.com wrote in 2013 that among other things it “not only mathematically demonstrated the ability of a rocket to leave Earth’s orbit, but also explored the theory that rockets could operate in a vacuum, where they could travel faster than their own exhaust.”V2-Rocket in the Peenemünde Museum. Photo by AElfwine CC BY-SA 3.0The work started life as a dissertation, though was rejected on the grounds of being too fanciful. Eventually it became a book and surprise hit. Post World War I society was excited by the prospect of leaving a drab and dreary Earth behind, and Lang was only too eager to put their fantasies on screen.The character of Prof. Mannerfeldt was mocked for his ideas, a feeling Oberth and contemporaries such as Robert Goddard were used to. Still, he had the last laugh. The pioneer who had his dissertation dismissed went on to greatness.A V-2 launched from Test Stand VII in summer 1943. Photo by Bundesarchiv, Bild 141-1880 / CC-BY-SA 3.0Lang moved to Hollywood, whereas Oberth worked in Germany alongside “space architect” Wernher von Braun (who Oberth had previously taught) on the V-2 rocket. Interestingly, the Nazis stopped showings of Woman in the Moon in case it blew the lid on their plans.Read another story from us: How Rasputin Initiated the ‘All Persons Fictitious’ Disclaimer in MoviesHe eventually moved to the U.S. so he could work on the Saturn V rocket, something closer to his Verne-infused origins. Though his field of expertise was the practical, he used science-fiction as a springboard into the utterly destructive and also truly wondrous sphere of rocketry.
A euphemism is a word or phrase to replace one that the speaker wants to avoid saying. It could be “croaked” or “pushing up daisies” to signify the passing of a loved one, or “prosperous” to denote being heavy-set. They don’t always have to be employed for sensitive subjects, though. The word itself is a euphemism. The ancient Greeks used the word to mean “to keep a holy silence,” eu- meaning “good” and -pheme meaning “speaking.”In pagan times especially, superstitious people would be wary of evoking bad luck as well as a specific wrong-doer. One such fearsome creature was the bear. Or rather, what we call a bear.Closeup brown bear (Ursus arctos) portrait in spring forestIn fact, bear is not the actual name for the big, furry mammal that populates the northern regions of the world. The word comes from several different Germanic roots, including the Swedish björn and the Dutch bruin, all meaning “the brown one.” Even though we are lead to assume that these peoples had yet to come across a polar bear, we can’t help but ask: why “the brown one”? And what was its original name?We may never know the answer to the second question. Although some people will argue that the animal we identify as a bear has always had a name, even before our modern versions of Germanic languages, it does explain the word bear.A brown bear (Ursus arctos) surveying the landscape. Photo by Jim Chapman CC BY 2.0In Latin, the creature’s name is ursus, from which the French derived the word “ours” (along with Italian orso and Portuguese urso) . In ancient Greek, it’s arktos, from which modern English got the word arctic. Neither of these link to or explain bear (or björn or bruin). They do explain a potential cultural difference, though. The Greeks and Latins didn’t seem to fear the bear, since they didn’t have a euphemism for it.Life restoration of Arctotherium bonariense from W.B. Scott’s’ A History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere’. New York The Macmillan Company.People of Germanic-rooted languages, did, however. They avoided using the animal’s actual name, hence why they color-coded it. Why was the bear a taboo, though? It’s hard to say, but there are many logical guesses. Perhaps hunters looking for big game didn’t want to use its name and scare the creature away, just like actors and the word luck.Related Video: Old Forgotten English Words That Need A ComebackPerhaps hunters were looking for other animals and didn’t want to tempt the “the brown one” to swoop in and steal their prey. Or perhaps hunters — and villagers — feared that by pronouncing its name would be pronouncing their own death, accidentally calling a hungry bear over to them.The Three Bears, Arthur Rackham’s illustration to English Fairy Tales, by Flora Annie Steel, 1918This same occurrence is seen in the Slavic branch of languages as well. In Russian, the creature is referred to as Medved. Med means “honey” and ed comes from the verb “to eat,” denoting a bear as a honey eater. It’s curious that the Russian word conjures up such a non-violent image of the animal (picture Winnie the Pooh), making the taboo nature of Medved even more inexplicable.Polar BearWhatever the reason for our linguistic ancestors avoiding the actual word denoting a bear, we can’t fault them for the euphemisms they employed. “The brown one” and “honey eater” certainly are logical explications of members of the Ursidae family.Read another story from us: American Slang Words we Never Knew Came From the IrishIt’s also probably too late the adopt the Greek or Latin words, as arctic has taken on a whole wintry world of meaning, playing the roles of adjective and noun, and ursa is forever associated with the constellation.
My dad told me three key life lessons. 1.) Work hard 2.) Eat your vegetables; and 3.) Don’t EVER mess with Charles Oakley. Better advice has never been given.The former Knicks enforcer was ejected and arrested after a bizarre scenario played out during the Clippers/Knicks game last night. According to Oakley, he was approached by MSG security in his seat and asked to leave the game without explanation. He wasn’t happy about it.Instead of going quietly, Oak went after the security guards like they were Bill Laimbeer. He engaged in some 90’s Eastern Conference pushing and shoving with the security before being forcefully removed.The fight occurred in the direct vicinity of Knicks owner James Dolan, who watched from beyond a wall of rent-a-cops as the situation unraveled. This scene was so crazy, it briefly stopped the actual game.Soooooo Charles Oakley just got into a fight at he Knicks game. pic.twitter.com/klZBD89VI7— Ian Schafer (@ischafer) February 9, 2017 Advertisement The hasthag #FreeOakley popped up on social media and fans at the Garden chanted the same phrase in the arena following the ejection. Regardless of who’s right or wrong here, it’s clear the fans side with Oakley over Dolan. New York Daily News Knicks beat reporter Frank Isola tweeted that Oakley was allegedly yelling in the direction of Dolan and told to stop. He didn’t.Charles Oakley was said to be yelling at James Dolan and was warned to stop, according to a source. He continued and was then asked to leave— Frank Isola (@FisolaNYDN) February 9, 2017Any way you look at it, this incident was really ugly, just like Knicks basketball. Another video shows Oakley being forcefully restrained on the ground. Not good optics. Knicks President Phil Jackson watched the entire embarrassing debacle unfold, but like the Knicks losing, he could do nothing to stop it.Crazy.. RT @SportBlogNYC: SBNY Exclusive: Charles Oakley on the ground surrounded by police and Garden security pic.twitter.com/c65KYAvWrE— JrW (@Javoris) February 9, 2017 Following his release from jail, Oakley had a different take on the ejection and arrest. He said he was minding his own business when he was asked to leave the arena, and wasn’t satisfied with the explanation he was given.WATCH: Charles Oakley post game interview. #knicks pic.twitter.com/0omHQbMPEm— The Fuzz (@TheFuzzNBA) February 9, 2017 The Knicks PR department sent out a tweet blaming the incident on Oakley.pic.twitter.com/EebgCEqQxC— NY_KnicksPR (@NY_KnicksPR) February 9, 2017
Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now 2 min read This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. President Obama’s latest executive order? A cell phone that isn’t a BlackBerry.Rumor has it that Obama, like other longstanding BlackBerry customers, is in the market for a new device. The White House is reportedly piloting Samsung and LG devices for internal use by the president and his staff.While the White House confirmed to The Wall Street Journal that it is currently trying out new phones, it could still be months before Obama jettisons his specially-modified BlackBerry — which has been the government’s preferred device for more than a decade.Related: How the New Obama Overtime Rules Will Squelch OpportunityAnd even if Obama were eyeing an iPhone — which is favored by both of his daughters, he said — the Secret Service prohibits it for “security reasons,” he noted at a press conference last December.Third-party software-makers, meanwhile, are reportedly working to bolster security features on the rival Android operating system.Samsung notably ramped up security with its Knox platform — which enables business and personal content to discretely coexist one the same device — and also recently scored an order for 7,000 Galaxy Note 2s from the U.S. army.Related: PHOTOS: This Is Supposedly the iPhone 6″We have seen strong interest from the government sector and are working closely with various agencies to deploy pilot programs,” stated Samsung, which has also reportedly cherry-picked former BlackBerry execs to help enhance its security features.With a horde of hot new phones on the market, Obama certainly has some enticing options to choose from. Should he opt for the just-released Samsung Galaxy S5 — or hold out for the brand new HTC One, hitting shelves next week? As a noted fan of the iPad for reading, perhaps he should sync his gadget arsenal with an iPhone 6, rumored for later this year.Let us know which smartphone you think Obama should use next in our poll below.Related: LG and Motorola Announce Smartwatches for Google’s ‘Android Wear’ Enroll Now for Free March 21, 2014
Register Now » 3 min read This story originally appeared on Reuters President Barack Obama’s executive action on immigration is expected to include some modest changes to make it easier for technology companies to retain high-skilled workers frustrated by long and unpredictable waits for green cards.But the major overhaul that the tech sector is seeking of the visa and green card system would require action by Congress. For now at least, the prospects for legislation appear to be slim.Obama has pledged take executive action on immigration by year-end and could act as early as next Friday. Lobbyists for tech companies said they have not seen details about the fixes. But based on the options the tech sector pitched to the administration, they are expecting only incremental changes.”We’d be grateful for anything, really, because the situation is that severe,” said Emily Lam, a vice president with the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, a trade group that represents more than 375 employers.”The true fix really has to be legislative, anything within their power is really going to be tweaking on the sides. It doesn’t solve the fundamental issues,” she said.One big reform that requires legislation: lifting the annual cap for H1B visas for specialized technology workers that last for up to six years.The United States loses about 500,000 jobs per year because of those limits, according to estimates from Compete America, a coalition representing tech giants including Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft.Most changes within Obama’s powers are aimed at easing the transition for workers moving from H1B visas to greencards.For example, lobbyists think the administration could finalize a regulation announced in May that would give work permits to spouses of some skilled immigrants with temporary visas.The most ambitious proposal for tech would speed up long wait lists for green cards for employees on temporary H1B visas by changing the way their spouses and children are counted under an annual cap of 140,000.But several lobbyists told Reuters they were not optimistic that the proposal would be accepted due to fears by some lawyers it could be challenged in court.”I think some of it will be band-aids,” said one industry lobbyist. “While they’re little fixes, it creates a bigger political problem,” the lobbyist said.The fear is that bigger legislative fixes for business could get caught up in an explosive political war between Republicans and Obama over relief for undocumented immigrants, prolonging the needed changes.(Reporting by Roberta Rampton; Editing by Bernard Orr) Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. November 17, 2014
Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 6 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global New advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) research made by tech giants and academia have quickly made their way into businesses and business models, while even more companies are introducing established AI solutions like chatbots and virtual assistants. Following all that is happening in the dynamic world of AI is time-consuming for entrepreneurs who are busy running their own companies, so I’ve compiled a list of the most interesting AI trends entrepreneurs should keep an eye on in the coming year.AI content creationThe trend toward humanization of big data and data analytics will continue in 2018 with new advancements in natural language generation (NLG) and natural language processing (NLP). Using rule-based systems like Wordsmith by Automated Insights, media outlets and companies can already turn structured data into intelligent narratives based on natural language.Related: How Your Business Can Stay Ahead of the Game With Artificial IntelligenceMaking relationships in data understandable to people beyond data science teams will further democratize AI and big data, leading to the era of automatic generation of insights. The same technologies are already enabling automated content generation in news coverage, social media, marketing, fantasy sports, financial reports and more. In the coming year, automated content generation is likely to gain more traction in news reporting and marketing, helping companies instantly respond to emerging trends, news and events by creating the relevant content for their audience and clients.The rise of capsules AICapsule networks (CapsNet) is a new form of deep neural networks proposed by Google’s lead scientist Geoffrey Hinton in a recent paper. In a nutshell, a capsules approach aims to overcome the shortcomings of CNNs (convolutional neural networks) that have been the de facto standard in image recognition for many years. CNNs are good when images fed to them are similar to those used during training. However, if they are asked to recognize images that have rotation, tilt or some misplaced elements, CNNs have poor performance. CNNs’ inability to account for spatial relationships makes it also possible to fool them by changing a position of graphical elements or the angle of the picture.Related: 5 Ways to Make AI Work for Your OrganizationConversely, capsule networks account for spatial relationships between graphical elements and understand natural geometric patterns that humans grasp intuitively. They can recognize objects no matter from what angle or point of view they are shot. Commentators predict that capsules will be the next major disruption in image recognition and computer vision. In particular, new capsule networks will dramatically outperform CNNs and other image recognition models and will be able to counter white box adversarial attacks designed to trick neural networks.Decentralized AIUntil very recently, training of machine learning models was made in a centralized fashion on remote cloud clusters. AI companies had to manually collect large training data sets and feed them to ML algorithms run in data centers equipped with dedicated hardware (e.g. GPUs) for machine learning. The main downside of this centralized model is the difficulty of making rolling updates of AI software and implementing continual training using the constant stream of incoming data generated by users and applications.Related: Top 3 Ways Machine Learning Will Create JobsIn April 2017, however, Google made a decisive move towards solving these problems when it announced a new Federated Learning approach to be used in Gboard, Google’s Android keyboard. This novel approach enables mobile users to collaboratively train a shared ML model with their user data on Android devices. What Federated Learning really does is crowdsource ML training to millions of mobile users by making AI models directly available on devices. Moving AI training to mobile can help solve the high latency and low throughput connection issues involved in centralized learning.Decentralized AI can also gather momentum with the development of edge computing that moves intensive computations from remote cloud applications to the network edges where digital devices sensing and collecting information are installed. Moving data processing and analysis to the “field” solves the problem of high latency and low throughput associated with sending data over the network. Many edge devices need advanced learning, prediction and analytics capabilities to function efficiently. This is where AI and ML have an opportunity to shine. Using AI on the edge is especially critical for drones and driverless cars, which need to run real-time deep learning without the network connection to avoid the disastrous or even fatal consequences of network failure.To close the existing gap in AI for the edge, companies like Movidius (acquired by Intel in 2016) are creating AI co-processors and edge neural networks that can be used for obstacle navigation for drones and smart thermal vision cameras. In the coming year, we are likely to see more innovation in low-power computer vision and image signaling hardware and software specifically designed to enable AI on edge devices like security cameras and drones.Related: 10 Ways AI and Chatbots Reduce Business RisksAI leveraging offline dataData generated online is currently one of the main sources of insights for data analytics and AI-based solutions. However, major retailers like Amazon have already ventured into an unchartered territory of offline data collected by small digital devices like sensors and actuators in stores and malls. In Amazon Go grocery stores, for instance, these devices already track customers’ movements to see how long the customers interact with products. Data collected by Amazon sensors is stored in the Android app and Amazon account, which are required to shop in Amazon Go stores. In this way, Amazon accumulates mountains of data about consumers.Using this data, AI algorithms can draw insights about consumer preferences and behavior to create automatic price-setting mechanisms and introduce more efficient marketing, product placement and merchandising tactics. Sources of offline data, however, are not limited to grocery stores. Using drones and the internet of things, AI companies will gradually transform the entire physical space we live in into a giant source of data for ML algorithms and models.Related: Could AI Developments Get Out of Hand? Have They Already?The rise of on-device AI: Core MLRunning AI software or training ML algorithms on mobile devices has been recently regarded difficult due to battery power constraints and limitations of mobile computing power. In 2017, however, we witnessed the move towards on-device and mobile AI heralded by CoreML, Apple’s ML library designed for iOS 11.CoreML ships with a variety of trained ML models (e.g. for image recognition, text detection, image registration and object tracking), which can be easily integrated into iOS applications. All models are optimized for efficient on-device performance using low-level Apple technologies like Accelerate and Metal. As a result, iOS developers now have a powerful ML functionality at their fingertips, which promises to make AI/ML apps mainstream on mobile devices in 2018.The current pace of innovation makes it almost impossible to stay on top of the AI trends, but understanding the terminology and the applicability of the machine learning advancements becomes a must for business owners in 2018. Using this knowledge, entrepreneurs can navigate the landscape and truly benefit from the improvements, even if they seem to be incremental. January 4, 2018
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Regional and Countries report can be provided as well.The study clearly reveals that the Medical Devices Outsourcing industry has attained remarkable growth since 2025. This research report is prepared based on an in-depth analysis of the market by experts. As a final point, stakeholders, investors, product managers, marketing executives, and other professionals seeking unbiased data on supply, demand, and future forecasts would find the report valuable.Avail the Discount on this Report @ https://www.bigmarketresearch.com/request-for-discount/3244932?utm_source=HTN&utm_medium=ABAbout Us:Big Market Research has a range of research reports of various domains across the world . Our database of reports of various market categories and sub-categories would help to find the exact report you may be looking for.We are instrumental in providing quantitative and qualitative insights on your area of interest by bringing reports from various publishers at one place to save your time and money. 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Google does not give up: YouTube next social network? by Martin Brinkmann on August 25, 2016 in Companies, Google – Last Update: January 04, 2018 – 30 commentsGoogle tried to establish a social networking site several times in the past to complete with the almighty Facebook.But even the company’s latest endeavor in the social space, Google Plus, did not work out as planned. If you consider that Google went all in that time, forcefully integrating Google Plus in many of the company services, and pushing it on its prime properties such as Google Search, it is not far-off to call Google Plus a failure.One of the properties graced with forceful Google Plus integration was YouTube. Google made the decision to replace YouTube’s commenting system with Google Plus, angering millions of YouTube users in the process.Google decided to abandon the Google Plus project some time ago. While it is still available, traces of Google Plus on other Google properties are slowly being removed again.The company has not given up yet on conquering the social networking space though. Its latest plan? Use a billion user site that already exists for that.That site is YouTube, and if reports are correct, it could soon get a lot more social on the site.YouTube BackstageVentureBeat reports that Google may plan to introduce an internal feature called Backstage to YouTube that lets users share photos, links, text posts, videos, and polls with their subscribers.Google may launch this as a limited trial for select YouTube accounts first and may go from there. According to VentureBeat, Backstage will be visible next to the Home and Videos tabs on YouTube, and posts made to channels will appear in subscriber feeds and notifications.Subscribers may reply to posts through various means including posting videos of their own, but also by text or images.Backstage will introduce new types of posts to YouTube. Google plans to differentiate between regular videos and Backstage videos. The latter allows channels to push videos only to subscribers and not to users discovering the channel through search or other means.Backstage is an internal project currently and it is unclear if and when it will be made available. While YouTube is highly popular when it comes to video publishing and watching, it lacks in the social department. While users may post comments under videos or channels, there is little in terms of communication going elsewhere.There is a send message option when you open the about page of a channel, but it is almost hidden from sight.Closing WordsAdding more social components to YouTube, even if only for a limited number of channels and publishers in the beginning, may improve interaction on the site.It is unclear how the move will impact Google Plus, but seeing the service being reduced to a crumble, it would not surprise me one bit if Google would announce its retirement in the near future.As far as I’m concerned, I go to YouTube to watch videos, not to communicate. That’s my personal preference though, and judging from the large number of comments on the site, others see it differently.Now You: What’s your take on this?SummaryArticle NameGoogle does not give up: YouTube next social network?DescriptionIf rumors are to be believed, Google plans to introduce a feature called Backstage on YouTube that adds social networking features to the site.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement